Plant DetailShow Menu

Aralia elata

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ah-RAY-lee-ah el-AH-tuh
Description

This plant can be found in the wild, where it usually grows much larger than is usually observed in home gardens. Where it appears as a small tree in the wild, its appearance in the garden may be kept to that of a large shrub.

The plant spreads by suckers and self-seeding, resulting in thickets.

Although this plant is drought tolerant and does not mind a range of soil types, it prefers moist, well-drained soil.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Aureovariegata', 'Variegata'
Tags:
#purple#red#white#deciduous#fall color#yellow#full sun tolerant#white flowers#purple leaves#tree#red leaves#yellow leaves#moist soil#fast growing#multistemmed#purple fruits#partial shade tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Aureovariegata', 'Variegata'
Tags:
#purple#red#white#deciduous#fall color#yellow#full sun tolerant#white flowers#purple leaves#tree#red leaves#yellow leaves#moist soil#fast growing#multistemmed#purple fruits#partial shade tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aralia
    Species:
    elata
    Family:
    Araliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern Asia
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    moist soil; a range of soil types
    Dimensions:
    Height: 12 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Multi-trunked
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Fruit Description:
    purple fruit
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    This plant has 12 to 18 in. white flowers in August.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Other/more complex
    Leaf Shape:
    Pinnatisect
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    This plant has 3 to 5.5 in. compound leaves that turn yellow to reddish-purple for their fall color. One compound leaf may contain up to 80 leaflets.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    There are large spines on stems.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Small Tree
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Pollution