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Quercus geminata

Common Name(s):
Sand live oak
Shrubs, Trees

Sand live oak is a low maintenance evergreen shrubby oak tree in the Fagaceae family.  It is native to the coastal regions of the subtropical southeastern United States, along the Atlantic Coast.  They grow as shrubs in the sand pine scrub habitat, and as somewhat larger trees in the high pine habitat.  Their diminutive size makes them an excellent addition to a garden with space restrictions.  This plant is highly salt tolerant.

Wildlife Value:  Acorns are an important food source to mammals.

This tree may be confused with: Quercus virginiana.  Q. germinata flowers much later than Q. virginiana and sand live oak leaf blades differ from those of live oak in having their edges conspicuously rolled down and inward, toward the midvein.

15-20 ft.
Leaves, especially the young ones look like upsidedown boats with veins and midveins noticeably impressed.
Insignificant followed by acorns.
Sand live oak grows best in moist, deep, infertile sands, such as coastal dunes, scrub and high pine (or sandhills). Trees persist where these communities formerly occurred such as coastal residential communities, pastures, pine plantations, and old fields.
10-15 ft.
Growth Rate:
food, evergreen, small tree, wildlife, salt tolerant, small spaces

NCCES plant id: 3317

Quercus geminata Leaves curl under. Greensboro, NC
Bruce Kirchoff, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Quercus geminata Shrubby form. Greensboro, NC
Bruce Kirchoff, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Quercus geminata Acorns and leaves.
homeredwardprice, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Quercus geminata Small tree form. Greensboro, NC
Bruce Kirchoff, CC-BY-SA-2.0