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Pinus taeda

Common Name(s):
Loblolly pine
Dixie, Nana
Native Plants, Trees

Pinus taeda typically grows to 40-50’ in cultivation, but may reach 90’ tall or more in the wild. This tree is particularly noted for its straight trunk. It loses its lower branches as it matures, gradually developing a dense oval-rounded crown.  It sometimes grows in pure stands and commonly spreads into old fields by self-seeding.   It's scaly gray bark develops furrows with age.  This easily transplanted tree has the most rapid growth rate of all pines. 

This is an important timber tree whose wood is used for pulp, plywood and general construction.

Common name of loblolly means mudhole in reference to the swampy areas where this tree often grows in the wild.

Learn more about Cultivars, 'Dixie' and 'Nana'.   

Regions:  Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plains

Seasons of Interest: 

     Bloom:  Spring       Fruit/Seed/Nut:  Seed

Wildlife Value:  This tree is moderately resistant to damage from deer..  It provides winter cover.  It is also a host plant for the Eastern Pine Elfin butterfly.  Squirrels and birds eat the seeds.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  The loblolly pine is susceptible to southern pine beetle and pine engraver beetle. Fusiform rust and rots may occur. Winter hardiness is a problem in the St. Louis area.

50-90 ft.
In the spring, the loblolly pine has red to yellow male flowers and yellow to purple female flowers. Stalkless, oval-cylindrical cones (3-6” long) with sharply-spined scales appear in groups of 2-5.
The loblolly pine will grow in medium to wet soils in full sun. Prefers moist, acidic soils with poor drainage. No tolerance for shade. Performs best in climates with hot and humid summers and mild winters.
Fine to medium
Loosely pyramidal in youth, horizontal branches; rounded crown; loses lower branches with age
Full sun
Conifer, cone
30-40 ft.
Growth Rate:
The loblolly pine has dark yellow-green needles (5-10” long) in bundles of three (infrequently in bundles of two) are finely-toothed, stiff and slender.
conifer, self seeding, cpp, tsc, mammals, wet sites, winter cover, birds, butterflies, screen, seeds, wet, wildlife, deer resistant, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 2114

Pinus taeda Pinus taeda
Chris M. Morris, CC BY - 2.0
Pinus taeda Pinus taeda
Drew Avery, CC BY - 2.0
Pinus taeda Pinus taeda
Homer Edward Price, CC BY - 2.0
Pinus taeda Pinus taeda
zizzybaloobah, CC BY-NC-2.0
Pinus taeda Pinus taeda
zizzybaloobah, CC BY-NC-2.0
Pinus taeda Pinus taeda
Miguel Vieira, CC BY - 2.0