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Erythronium americanum

Common Name(s):
Dog-tooth violet, Fawn lily, Trout lily, Yellow adder's tongue
Categories:
Perennials, Wildflowers
Comment:

A beautiful corm in the Liliaceae family. Young plants often have only one leaf. Prefers acidic, humusy soils. Plants go dormant in late spring.

Wildlife Value: Members of the genus Erythronium support the following specialized bee: Andrena (Leucandrena) erythronii.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems.

Season:
Early spring
Height:
4-9 inches
Flower Color:
Yellow, purple
Foliage:
Pair of elliptic leaves 4-6 in. long; pale green and mottled with purplish brown
Flower:
1.5 in. bell-shaped, yellow flower on a stalk; the six perianth parts curve backward and are often tinged with purple on the back
Site:
Moist, well-drained, humus soil; partial shade to shade; rich woods and bottomlands
Propagation:
Division
Exposure:
Partial shade to full shade
Origin:
Eastern North America
Life Cycle:
Perennial
Tags:
shade, wildflower, pollinator, specialized bees, bees, yellow, purple, nectar, green, perennial, wildlife, partial shade, spring, brown

NCCES plant id: 2572

Erythronium americanum Erythronium americanum
Bob Travis, CC BY-NC-2.0
Erythronium americanum Erythronium americanum emerging leaves
Lindsey, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0