- Common Name(s):
- Groundcover, Native Plants, Wildflowers
Low-growing deciduous shrubby groundcover with leaves and flowers similar to the familiar Cornus florida dogwood tree but smaller. Native to mixed forests in Canada and northern US, in Appalachians to Virginia, it grows from spreading rhizomes. Bright red berries in late summer persist into fall.
Seasons of Interest:
Foliage: Fall Bloom: Summer, early Fruit: Summer-Fall, red berries
Wildlife Value: Fruits are attractive to birds and plants provide nesting sites. Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: Leaf miner and scale are less serious potential insect pests. When stressed, is susceptible to a large number of disease problems, most serious is dogwood anthracnose. Other diseases include powdery mildew, leaf spot, canker, root rot and leaf & twig blight. It can also become vulnerable to borers.
- Early summer
- 2-10 ft.
- Whorl of six oval-shaped leaves; 1-3 in. long
- Four white bracts surround the center cluster of greenish, non-showy flowers; tight cluster of red berries
- Part shade
- Red berries
- Life Cycle:
NCCES plant id: 2539