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Bunchberry Cornus canadensis

Other plants called Bunchberry:

Phonetic Spelling
KOR-nus ka-na-DEN-sis
Description

This plant with its bright green leaves and wonderful bright red berries is one that will bring delight to many gardens. This plant makes a delightful groundcover and with its flowers looking up it is a delight for many gardens. and gardeners alike.  By placing it as a ground cover it is as though you have spread out a beautiful patchwork with all its beauty. It is sure going to be a cover that you will be proud to see and share for many years to come.

Low-growing deciduous shrubby groundcover with leaves and flowers similar to the familiar Cornus florida dogwood tree but smaller. Native to mixed forests in Canada and the northern US, in the Appalachians to Virginia, it grows from spreading rhizomes. Bright red berries in late summer persist into fall.

Best performance is in cool to cold climates in the shade of trees and shrubs. Plants generally do not perform well in the hot summer conditions found in the central to southern parts of the U.S. south of USDA Zone 6. Intolerant of foot traffic.  Can be difficult to establish

Seasons of Interest:

   Foliage: Fall    Bloom: Summer, early   Fruit: Summer-Fall, red berries  

Wildlife Value: Fruits are attractive to birds and plants provide nesting sites.  Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilisAndrena (Gonandrena) Integraand Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: Leaf miner and scale are less serious potential insect pests. When stressed, is susceptible to a large number of disease problems, most serious is dogwood anthracnose. Other diseases include powdery mildew, leaf spot, canker, root rot and leaf & twig blight. It can also become vulnerable to borers. 

Flower:Four white bracts surround the center cluster of greenish, non-showy flowers; a tight cluster of red berries

Habit: Deciduous

 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#fall color#small tree#partial shade#perennial#wildlife plant#nectar plant#shade garden#shelter#fall interest#rabbit resistant#showy fruits#specialized bees#deer resistant#groundcover#edible fruits#naturalizes#pollinator plant#naturalized area#food source fall#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#fall color#small tree#partial shade#perennial#wildlife plant#nectar plant#shade garden#shelter#fall interest#rabbit resistant#showy fruits#specialized bees#deer resistant#groundcover#edible fruits#naturalizes#pollinator plant#naturalized area#food source fall#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cornus
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Cornaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    East Russia to Japan, Subarctic America to N. & Central U.S
    Distribution:
    Zones 2-6, primarily in forest througout Northern US, south to the Appalachians
    Wildlife Value:
    Flowers attractive to pollinators and butterflies, fruits attract birds
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Textural
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Deer, Rabbits, Anthracnose
    Edibility:
    Edible
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Native Plant
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Creeping
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Bright red with good persistence on the plant until late fall unless earlier consumed by birds. Drupes are edible for humans.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Each flower consists of a tiny greenish-yellow umbel surrounded by four showy, oval, petal-like white bracts (each bract to 1” long).
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Oval to elliptic, glossy, medium to dark green leaves (to 1-2” long) are located near the stem tops in false whorls. Intolerant to foot traffic
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Rabbits