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Adiantum capillus veneris is often confused with:
Adiantum hispidulum Adiantum pedatum, multiple
Adiantum raddianum Adiantum raddianum
Cyrtomium falcatum Cyrtomium falcatum
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Adiantum raddianum Adiantum raddianum
Chamaedorea erumpens Chamaedorea erumpens
Sphaeropteris cooperi Form
Adiantum capillus veneris has some other problems:
Sunburn

Adiantum capillus veneris

Phonetic Spelling
ae-dee-AN-tum ca-PILL-us VEN-er-iss
Description

A deciduous, clumping fern native to temperate and tropical regions worldwide.  Genus name comes from the Greek word adiantos meaning unwetted in reference to the water repellent foliage.  Specific epithet comes from Latin meaning hair (capillus) of Venus (veneris) as reflected by its common name of "Venus maidenhair fern".

Spreads by short, creeping rhizomes and prefers moist, humus, rich alkaline to neutral soil in partial shade to shade. Listed as endangered in North Carolina due to loss of Appalachian habitat.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Fronds decompound, membraneous, in flat planes
  • Pinnae in flat planes
  • Pinnules triangular, lobed
  • Sori marginal covered by revolute marginal flap
  • Stipe & rachis wiry, black

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#tropical#deciduous#houseplant#shade tolerant#lacy leaves#interiorscape#fronds#fern#low maintenance#endangered#NC native#airy#neutral ph#alkaline soil#dainty#delicate#native fern#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#tropical#deciduous#houseplant#shade tolerant#lacy leaves#interiorscape#fronds#fern#low maintenance#endangered#NC native#airy#neutral ph#alkaline soil#dainty#delicate#native fern#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Adiantum
    Species:
    capillus-veneris
    Family:
    Pteridaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Temperate and tropical regions worldwide
    Distribution:
    Temperate and tropical regions worldwide
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Deer, Shade
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 10 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 10 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Fern
    Houseplant
    Native Plant
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Clumping
    Creeping
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    No fruits
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    No flowers; reproduces via spores.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Fronds
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Other/more complex
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Delicate, bright green fronds are bipinnate to tripinnate, arching or pendent with 3 to 6 pairs of pinnae. Segments are fan-shaped and .25 to .75 in. long. weakly glaucous beneath, membraneous; pinnae often decompound, flabellately branched; pinnules/leaflets somewhat triangular, broadly cuneate, lobed, sterile lobes cut deeply. Stipe/petiole wiry, shiny black or tinged purple. SORI round to elongated, covered my revolute pinnule marginal flap.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Black
    Brown/Copper
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Naturalized Area
    Small Space
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Heavy Shade