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Prickly Ash Zanthoxylum clava-herculis

Other plants called Prickly Ash:

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#small tree#full sun#heat tolerant#perennial#shrub#wildlife plant#native tree#moths#green flowers#yellow flowers#tree#native shrub#spring flowers#security#flowering tree#prickles#coastal#moist soil#food source#NC native#well-drained soil#full sun flowers#flowering shrub#full sunlight#small and large mammals#native garden#coastal plant#sunshine#coastal areas#screening#Braham Arboretum#larval host plant#summer fruits#food source summer#food source herbage#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#sandy soils tolerant#loamy soils tolerant#fruits#native#dry soil#bird friendly#dry soils tolerant#food source hard mast fruit#loam#butterfly friendly#butterfly larvae#moth larvae#food source mid-summer#fruit#songbirds#sandy soil#loamy soil#larval host tree#flowering#flower#host#butterflies#sun tolerant#larval host#flowers#host plant#birds#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Zanthoxylum
    Species:
    clava-herculis
    Family:
    Rutaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Native Americans and early settlers reportedly chewed the bark and leaves of this tree as a toothache remedy (oils produce a tingling/numbing sensation in the mouth).
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    Coastal plains of the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico from southern Virginia to mid-Florida west to Texas
    Wildlife Value:
    Larval host plant of Giant Swallowtail butterflies (Papilio cresphontes), birds and small mammals enjoy the seeds. Attract butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 12 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Appendage:
    Prickles
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Follicle
    Fruit Description:
    Follicles produced in clusters, individual fruits enclosed in a brown husk that splits open at maturity to reveal a shiny red-brown to black seed. In North Carolina, the fruits are available from July to September.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Dioecious and tiny flowers that appear in early-spring. In North Carolina, the flowers are available from April to May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    7-9 narrowly elliptical to lanceolate leaflets with round-pointed teeth & glabrous. Crushed leaves have a pungent odor.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Large spine-tipped corky-pyramidal projections, losing spines with age, stout green twigs changing from green to brown-green at maturity
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems are spiny. Twigs and leaf stems have thorns and trunk has large (up to 1") prickles.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Security
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Dry Soil
    Heat