- Common Name(s):
- Southern swamp lily
- Poisonous Plants, Water Garden
Crinum americanum, commonly called Florida crinum lily, southern swamp lily or spider lily, is a tender perennial bulb in the Amaryllis family. It is native to wetlands, swamps, marshes, wet hammocks, and stream banks from South Carolina to Florida and along the Gulf coast to Texas. The species grows in small groups in still water habitats, prefers a water depth of 1-6 in., but will grow up to a 12 in. depth. Plant ina 5 gallon pot; sun to partial shade.
Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. These invertebrates in turn are used as food by fish and other wildlife species (e.g. amphibians, reptiles, ducks, etc.). After aquatic plants die, their decomposition by bacteria and fungi provides food (called “detritus”) for many aquatic invertebrates.
- Bulbous perennial with long, strap-like leaves: flowers variously clustered on a long, naked stem, white or variously colored, 6-parted, tubular
- 18-24 in.
- Narrow, evergreen, strap-like leaves up to 2 in. wide
- Long-petaled white flowers; very fragrant
- Poison Part:
- Bulbs, all parts
- Poison Delivery Mode:
- Nausea, stomach pain, vomiting, and diarrhea
- Toxic Principle:
- CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN.
- Found in:
- Houseplant or interiorscape; landscape in flower garden, lawn as cultivated herbaceous perennial
NCCES plant id: 2332