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Verbena bonariensis

Common Name(s):

Description

An upright plant, Vervain is considered a "pop-up" plant or "see-through" plant, filling in vertical space in the perennial border but never taking up too much room. Its clusters of tiny lavender blooms persist early summer till frost and butterflies love them. It tolerates a variety of soil types and average to dry conditions.

It is naturalized in the USA from South Carolina to Texas. 

Cultivars:
Tags:
#purple#fall#butterflies#sun#pollinators#summer#lavender#perennial#cpp#deer resistant#poor soil
Cultivars:
Tags:
#purple#fall#butterflies#sun#pollinators#summer#lavender#perennial#cpp#deer resistant#poor soil
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Verbena
    Species:
    bonariensis
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South America
    Distribution:
    Southern US
    Wildlife Value:
    somewhat deer resistant
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 6 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Forms a dense flat-topped cluster of flowers spanning about 1-3" across. Individual flowers are about 1/4" across and 1/3" long.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Oblanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Forms a basal clump of lance-shaped, dark green leaves up to 5 inches long. They become more sparse as they go up the stem.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
    Stem Description:
    Thin but strong green stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Small Space
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Dry Soil
    Poor Soil