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Yellow Toadshade Trillium luteum

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
TRIL-ee-um LOO-tee-um
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Trillium luteum, commonly referred to as Yellow Trillium is a perennial wildflower native to the North Carolina mountains. In nature, it can be found in moist soils over especially calcareous rocks and is locally abundant in the vicinity of the Great Smokies.

Perennial herb; stem unbranched with 3 leaves at the top; flower solitary, either erect above the leaves or pendant on a curved stalk, 3-parted, white, yellow, pink, or maroon-purple; fruit a berry; colonizes.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.  Slugs and snails are occasional pests and leaf spot, rust and smut are occasional disease problems. It does not transplant well.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#clumps#dappled shade#herbaceous perennial#rich soil#NC Native Pollinator Plant#food source nectar#full shade#food source mid-summer#moth#perennial#small flowers#wildflower garden#forests#summer fruits#whorled#part sun#part shade#neutral ph#forb#late spring flowers#shade garden#food source pollen#fragrant flowers#food source#showy#cutting garden#perennial flowers#berry#food source flowers#shade tolerant#moth larvae#yellow#fragrant#food source spring#herbaceous#white fruits#clumping#yellow flowers#accent#small groups#spring fruits#bees#colonies#woodlands#well-drained soil#colorful#fruit#NC native#shade#mid-spring flowers#fruits#early spring flowers#pollinator plant#accent plant#food source soft mast fruit#berries#food source herbage#native#native wildflower#small plant#native perennial#deep shade#small mammals#edible plant#small group plantings#small and large mammals#green fruits#edible#tiny leaves#poisonous#spring interest#moths#partial sun#small group#mountains#audubon#larval host plant#native garden#HS302#partial shade#white berries#showy flowers#wildlife plant#forest#moist soil#attractive foliage#summer interest#naturalized area#perennials#spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trillium
    Species:
    luteum
    Family:
    Melanthiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Distribution:
    Forest or natural area in rich woods.
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and other pollinators enjoy the nectar from the flowers. Moths use this plant as a larval host. Small mammals enjoy the berries as a food source.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Edibility:
    EDIBLE PARTS: Young, unfolding leaves HARVEST TIME: Only collect leaves from areas you know have NOT been treated with pesticides. SAFE HANDLING PROCEDURES: Wash leaves in warm water to remove dirt and debris. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer. These products can leave a residue. Cook in boiling, salted water for ten minutes and serve like greens. SOURCE: Crowhurst, A. 1972. The Weed Cookbook. Lancer Books, Inc. New York, 190 pp.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    White
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Green to greenish-white, sometimes with purple streaks. In North Carolina, fruits are available from May to June.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Three petals and three sepals; lemon scented; yellow in color. In North Carolina, flowers are available from March to April.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Whorl of three elliptical leaves. Color is mottled.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Unknown
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Toxicity unknown, but caution because of its relationship with known toxic plants.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Roots