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Pinus mugo

Common Name(s):
Mugo pine, Swiss mountain pine
Cultivar(s):
Gallica
Category:
Trees
Comment:

Pinus mugo is a species of conifer, native to high elevation habitats from southwestern to Central Europe.  Mature plants typically exhibit a dense habit, usually growing wider than tall. Mugo pine is also seen in more prostrate forms as well as in taller trees that will grow to as much as 80’.  Tremendous variation in size; normally does not produce a tap root so is easy to transplant.  This plant prefers cool summer climates and are generally tolerant of urban conditions.

Wildlife Value: This tree is resistant to damage by deer.

Height:
15-20 ft.
Flower:
1 to 2 in. erect cones; matures to gray black; many occur in clusters of 3 or 4
Zones:
2-8a
Habit:
Evergreen
Site:
Sun to partial shade; deep, moist, well drained soil; tolerates clay
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Variable; usually low broad spreading and bushy
Width:
25-30 ft.
Growth Rate:
Slow
Leaf:
1 to 2 in. rigid, medium to dark green needles in pairs; curved; may become yellow green in winter
Tags:
cpp, deer resistant, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 2100

Pinus mugo Pinus mugo bark
Nacho, CC BY - 2.0
Pinus mugo Pinus mugo leaves and male flowers
Camelia Twu, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Pinus mugo Pinus mugo form
Mark Bolin, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0