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Mugo Pine Pinus mugo

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
PY-nus MEW-go
Description

Pinus mugo is a species of conifer, native to high elevation habitats from southwestern to Central Europe.It is an evergreen gymnosperm shrub that grows 15-10' long and 15-20 spread. Stems are clustered and have no strong central leader.  Mature plants typically exhibit a dense habit, usually growing wider than tall. However, the form/habit is variable, usually low broad spreading and bushy.  Mugo pine is also seen in more prostrate forms as well as in taller trees that will grow to as much as 80’.  There is a tremendous variation in size.  It normally does not produce a tap root so is easy to transplant.  Prune annually in late winter to keep its compact size.  This plant prefers cool summer climates and is generally tolerant of urban conditions. The name is a problem, cited as Pinus mugo subsp. mugo var. mugo f. mugo, with variations of mugo as: muggo, mugoo, mugho, mogu, moghuo, and mojo. It is commonly utilized as a container plant, foundations, and in mass planting. 

This tree is resistant to damage by deer.

Does best in deep, moist, well-drained soil, loam soil in full sun or partial shade but very adaptable to poor soils, clay soils, sandy soils, dry soils and soils of alkaline pH. It is easy to transplant balled-and-burlapped. 

Some issues affecting this plant are pine needle scale and sawflies as well as moths and borers.  It is also susceptible to tip blight, rusts, and rot.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Pine shrub with no central leader
  • Needles are in twos and are very short
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#conifer#bonsai#winter interest#air pollution tolerant#cpp#deer resistant#sandy soil tolerant#clay soil tolerant#fantz#poor soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#conifer#bonsai#winter interest#air pollution tolerant#cpp#deer resistant#sandy soil tolerant#clay soil tolerant#fantz#poor soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pinus
    Species:
    mugo
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Grafting
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Mountains of central and southern Europe
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 25 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Habit/Form:
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Female cones are subsessile, erect to slightly pendulous, ovoid to conical-ovoid, 1-2" long and 1/2- 1 1/2" broad.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Black
    Gray/Silver
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1 to 2 in. erect cones, matures to gray-black, many occur in clusters of 3 or 4
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are needles clustered on dwarf shoots (fascicles) in twos. They are short (1-2" long), blunt, margins finely serrulate, medium to dark green, and weakly twisted. Leaves may become yellow-green in winter.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Bark Description:
    Scaly brown-gray bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Light green vertical stems with miniature needles (candles)
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Patio
    Pond
    Slope/Bank
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Rock Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer