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Tagetes

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
TAG-e-teez
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Tagetes, or Marigolds, is a genus in the sunflower or aster family that includes 49 species of flowering, herbaceous plants with a shrubby form that are native to Central and South America and have been introduced throughout the world. Depending on their environment and whether they are grown as an outdoor or indoor plant, Marigolds can be annuals or perennials. The plants give off a strong aroma when crushed and Marigold flowers are bitter with a spicy, herbal flavor. The 'Lemon Gem' and 'Tangerine Gem' cultivars, however, are quite flavorful. The flowers can be made more palatable if you remove the bitter, white base of the petal. The plant is often used in tea, to color foods, and as a substitute for tarragon; however, it can be harmful if eaten in large amounts. The juice, sap, or thorns of these plants may cause a painful skin rash or irritation. Wash the affected area of skin with soap and water as soon as possible after contact.

The name Tagetes comes from the name of an Etruscan seer supposedly born from the plowing of the earth and refers to the ease with which plants of this genus come out each year either by the seeds produced in the previous year, or by the stems which regrow from the stump already in place. The common name, marigold, is a shortened form of "Mary's gold". Depending on species, Marigolds can range from 4 inches high to as much as 7 feet. Again, depending on the species, Marigolds grow well in almost any sort of soil with good drainage, and some cultivars are known to have good tolerance to drought. They can grow in full or partial sun, but full sun encourages blooms.

Diseases, Insect Pests, and Other Plant Problems: 

Marigolds can be susceptible to leaf spot and flower blight. Slugs can also be a problem.

 

 VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Border Landscape Pinewild County Club, Moore County Vegetable Garden and Pollinator Plants Flower Bonanza Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#hummingbirds#showy flowers#poisonous#summer annual#apvg#cpp#edging#deer resistant#butterfly friendly#apvg-a#container plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#hummingbirds#showy flowers#poisonous#summer annual#apvg#cpp#edging#deer resistant#butterfly friendly#apvg-a#container plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Tagetes
    Species:
    spp.
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Houseplant or interiorscape; landscape in flower gardens as tender, herbaceous annual.
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Mexico, Central and South America
    Distribution:
    United States, Canada, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia
    Wildlife Value:
    Seldom damaged by deer. Butterflies feed on this plant.
    Edibility:
    'Lemon Gem’ and ‘Tangerine Gem’ have the best flavor; remove the bitter, white base of the petal. May be harmful if eaten in large amounts. Used in tea, coloring foods, substitute for tarragon.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 4 in. - 7 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 0 ft. 9 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Herb
    Poisonous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Description:
    Achenes black, narrowly cylindrical; pappus of 1 to 3 setae and 7 to 9 much shorter scales with ciliate margins.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Long Bloom Season
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Depending on species, flowers can be solitary or in dense corymbs, terminal, heterogamous; phyllaries in a single row (rarely in 2 rows), the margins connate, glandular; receptacle epaleate.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Opposite
    Leaf Margin:
    Denticulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves of various species can be opposite or alternate, usually pinnate, sometimes simple, and gland-dotted.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Patio
    Pool/Hardscape
    Recreational Play Area
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Edible Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Skin redness, burning pain, and blisters when broken skin is in contact with cell sap plus sunlight; nose and eye irritation from aroma of flowers.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Phototoxic thiophene derivatives
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Leaves
    Roots