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Japanese Pagoda Styphnolobium japonicum

Previously known as:

  • Sophora japonica
Phonetic Spelling
styf-noh-LOH-bee-um juh-PON-ih-kum
Description

A showy flowering tree in the pea family  It produces light shade; withstands heat, air pollution, and drought; leguminous; good street, park, or lawn tree.  

Quick ID

  • Spiny coriaceous* leaves
  • Leaf apex spinose, pointing downward
  • Lateral spines near leaf apex resemble bull horns

Previously known as Sophora japonica

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Pendula
  • Regent
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#fragrant flowers#heat tolerant#large tree#flowering tree#air pollution tolerant#street tree#playground#lawns#children's garden#pollinator plant#fantz#parks
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Pendula
  • Regent
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#fragrant flowers#heat tolerant#large tree#flowering tree#air pollution tolerant#street tree#playground#lawns#children's garden#pollinator plant#fantz#parks
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Styphnolobium
    Species:
    japonicum
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China and Korea
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Fragrance
    Pieces Used in Games
    Shade
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Broad
    Erect
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    more than 60 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Legume
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    3"-8" long legume pod, pendulous
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Creamy white and lightly fragrant 6"-12" long terminal panicles that appear in mid to late summer. They are small, axillary, dull-white, male and female on different plants.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate pinnately compound 6"-10" long. Leaflets are ovate to lanceolate, 1"-2" long entire margins, rounded base acute axpex. The fall color is yellow.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Round
    Bark Description:
    Gray-brown developing into flat plates
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Pollution
    Urban Conditions