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Elaeagnus angustifolia

Common Name(s):
Russian olive, Russian-olive
Categories:
Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

Drought and salt spray tolerant; can be severely pruned to maintain appearance; easy to transplant; normally grown as a shrub but can be grown as a small tree; dislikes summer heat; fruit attracts birds. This plant is particularly resistant to damage by deer.

Height:
12-15 ft.
Foliage:
Alternate, simple, silvery green to gray-green leaves; 1-3 in. long
Flower:
Small, fragrant, silvery white flowers in late spring; 0.5 in. silver fruit in late summer; turns red
Zones:
2-7
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun; range of soil types; drought and salt tolerant; prefers light, sandy, loamy soil but will grow in a range of soil types
Texture:
Medium to fine
Form:
Rounded; can become leggy, loose, and irregular
Width:
12-15 ft.
Growth Rate:
Moderate to rapid
Leaf:
1-3 in. alternate, simple, silver gray to gray green leaves; leaves hold late into fall
Tags:
deciduous, drought, birds, wildlife, salt, silvery, deer resistant

NCCES plant id: 1541

Eleagnus angustifolia whole tree
Mauricio Mercandante, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0
Elaeagnus angustifolia leaf
Hans Hilleweart, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Elaeagnus angustifolia flower
Jose Maria Escolano, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0