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Russian Olive Elaeagnus angustifolia

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Russian Olive:

Phonetic Spelling
el-ee-AG-nus an-gus-tee-FOH-lee-uh
This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina
Description

A large thorny deciduous shrub or small tree, that has a rounded form but can be leggy loose and irregular so it will need to be pruned to maintain a tidy appearance. 

Plant in full sun, as it does not tolerate shade, in light sandy or loamy soil but it will tolerate a range of soil types.  It is drought and salt spray tolerant but dislikes the summer heat.  It is easy to transplant.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  This plant has vigorous growth, the seeds are easily and widely dispersed by birds and it is considered invasive in North Carolina.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#yellow#small tree#invasive#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#silvery#silver leaves#wildlife plant#yellow flowers#salt tolerant#high maintenance#food source#fast growing#salt spray tolerant#aggressive#red fruits#star shaped flowers#thorny#food source summer#deciduous tree#food source fall#bird friendly#songbirds#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#yellow#small tree#invasive#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#silvery#silver leaves#wildlife plant#yellow flowers#salt tolerant#high maintenance#food source#fast growing#salt spray tolerant#aggressive#red fruits#star shaped flowers#thorny#food source summer#deciduous tree#food source fall#bird friendly#songbirds#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Elaeagnus
    Species:
    angustifolia
    Family:
    Elaeagnaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    An essential oil obtained from the flowers of this plant is often used in perfumes. A gum comes from this plant that is used in the textile industry.
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits attract birds.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    This plant is particularly resistant to damage by deer.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 12 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 12 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Fine
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasional Flooding
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3b, 3a, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Achene but appears drupe-like because of a fleshy outer hypanthium. They resemble olives are 1/2" silver in late summer turning red in the fall from August-October.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Gray/Silver
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Description:
    Small, fragrant, silvery-white to yellow tubular flowers in late spring to early summer April-June.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Silver-gray to gray-green leaves; leaves hold late into fall.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Smooth, red and thorny
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Design Feature:
    Small Tree
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Salt
    Problems:
    Invasive Species
    Spines/Thorns
    Weedy