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Indian Potato Sagittaria fasciculata

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Indian Potato:

Previously known as:

  • Sagittaria graminea var. macrocarpa
  • Sagittaria macrocarpa
Phonetic Spelling
saj-ee-TAR-ee-uh fas-sik-yoo-LAY-tah
Description

Bunched arrowhead is a small herbaceous perennial in the Alismataceae (water plantain) family that grows in wetland areas. Though it has "arrowhead" in its common name it is the only member of its genus that has lance-shaped instead of arrowhead leaves. It grows about 15 inches tall and blooms mid-May through July.  This plant produces edible tubers that were heavily collected by the native Americans as a food source. Submerged leaves are long and narrow, round in cross-section. Emerging leaves are flat, broadly ovate, or lanceolate.  They need clean, slow flowing water on gently sloped landscapes or in deciduous forests.  

This is an endangered plant, if you find one do not disturb it.  Bunched arrowhead is found only in small isolated pockets in Henderson County North Carolina and Greenville County South Carolina. The seepage habitat in which grows is extremely threatened, and remaining populations are threatened by residential and industrial development, conversion to pasture, and invasive species.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#wetlands#water plant#endangered#NC native#edible roots#wildflower garden#OBL#wet soils tolerant#bog gardens#woodland garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#wetlands#water plant#endangered#NC native#edible roots#wildflower garden#OBL#wet soils tolerant#bog gardens#woodland garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Sagittaria
    Species:
    fasciculata
    Family:
    Alismataceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Native Americans at the tubers.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    NC, SC
    Distribution:
    Henderson and Buncombe counties in North Carolina plus Greenville and Laurens counties in South Carolina
    Edibility:
    Edible
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 3 in. - 1 ft. 4 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 3 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Water Plant
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Moist
    Occasional Flooding
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits mature a in the summer
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Radial
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Description:
    White flowers with yellow center appear in mid May, late spring to early summer.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Emergent leaves are broad and tapered at the tip up to 1 foot long and 1-2 inches wide.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Wet Soil