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Platanthera flava

Previously known as:

  • Habenaria flava
  • Habenaria scutellata
  • Perularia bidentata
  • Perularia flava
  • Perularia scutellata
Phonetic Spelling
pla-TAN-ther-uh FLAH-vah
Description

It flowers March to October in wet areas such as floodplain forests, hardwood, white-cedar, and cypress swamps, riparian thickets, and wet meadows. It is considered threatened or endangered in some states due to loss of habitat, particularly of floodplain forests and wet prairies.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#partial shade#perennial#green#yellow-green#riparian#wetlands#wet sites#endangered#NC native#swamps#native garden#orchid#flood plains#wildflower garden#spiky#wet soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#partial shade#perennial#green#yellow-green#riparian#wetlands#wet sites#endangered#NC native#swamps#native garden#orchid#flood plains#wildflower garden#spiky#wet soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Platanthera
    Species:
    flava
    Family:
    Orchidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    E. Canada to E. Central & SE. U.S.A
    Distribution:
    coastal plain of New Jersy and Maryland, south to central Florida, west to southeastern Texas, western Arkansas, eastern Missouri, southern Illinois, southern Indiana, western Tennessee, and western Kentucky. Nova Scotia in Canada.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Capsule nearly erect, ellipsoidal, to 3 inches long, finely ribbed.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long Bloom Season
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Lipped
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    rounded petals and broad lip, usually with a small tooth on each side; small lip curved underneath; leaf-like bracts beneath each flower
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    2-5 leaves per stem, sessile, sheathing, glabrous, entire, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, acute at apex, dull green above, slightly shinier below.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Riparian