Plant DetailShow Menu

Bhutan Pine Pinus wallichiana

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
PY-nus wal-lik-ee-A-na
Description

An evergreen with a broad base and horizontal lower branches, which it often retains.  This graceful specimen has an upright form with a loose and broadly pyramidal form when young.  At the tree ages, it broadens and develops a rounded crown.  The branches are wide-spreading and pendulous. Transplant when small for best results.  Winter winds can cause discoloration. 

Its attractive foliage and large cones make this a popular ornamental tree.  

It is widely used in the timber industry.  It's also a commercial source of turpentine.

Branches on trees planted in a solitary location tend to grow longer. 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Nana'
    Dwarf form
  • 'Oculus Draconis'
    Green-blue needles gow with a slight "kink" giving a false weeping look.
  • 'Zebrina'
    Needles flecked with yellow
Tags:
#evergreen#drought tolerant#winter interest#air pollution tolerant#wet sites#wind tolerant#deer resistant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Nana'
    Dwarf form
  • 'Oculus Draconis'
    Green-blue needles gow with a slight "kink" giving a false weeping look.
  • 'Zebrina'
    Needles flecked with yellow
Tags:
#evergreen#drought tolerant#winter interest#air pollution tolerant#wet sites#wind tolerant#deer resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pinus
    Species:
    wallichiana
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Himalayas
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Flower Size:
    > 6 inches
    Flower Description:
    6 to 12 in. cylindrical cones; pendulous and turn brown with age.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    White
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    5 to 8 in. soft, blue-green needles in bundles of 5; upper surface green, lower surface blue-white creating a silvery blue cast; young needles are erect; older needles droop; needles often bend near base creating a pendulous effect
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Bark Description:
    Gray bark fissures and turns dark brown with age
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Recreational Play Area
    Woodland
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer