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Picea asperata

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
PY-see-uh as-per-AH-tuh
Description

A conifer having a broadly conical crown and horizontal branches.  it is somewhat pendulous (droopy) with age.  It has dark brown bark that flakes into lighter brown scales.

The timber is used for construction, aircraft, railway sleepers, furniture, and wood fiber.  The trunk is used for the production of resin, the roots, branches, and leaves can be used for the production of aromatic oils.  Young male catkins can be eaten raw or cooked, also used as a flavoring.  The female cones are edible once cooked.  After roasting, the central portion is sweet and syrupy.  The inner bark can be dried and ground into a powder.  Used as a thickener in soups or added to cereals.    Although small, the seed can be eaten raw.  Young shoot tips can make a refreshing tea.

It is typically found in forests at higher elevations, forming extensive stands.  Pollination is performed by the wind.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#acidic soil#conifer#frost tolerant#edible garden#poor soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#acidic soil#conifer#frost tolerant#edible garden#poor soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Picea
    Species:
    asperata
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Western China
    Edibility:
    The flowers, inner bark, and seed can be eaten. Also used in teas.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Oval
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Light brown to chestnut brown cones
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Leaf Feel:
    Prickly
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    4-sided bluish needles that are more dense on the upper surface, stiff and prickly.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Bark Description:
    Furrowed into irregular, rough, scaly plates.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Gray/Silver
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Brownish-yellow or reddish-brown when young. Turn brown or brownish-gray in its 2nd to 3rd year.