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Papaver orientale

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
pah-pah'-ver o-rien-tà-le
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Papaver orientale generally spreads irregularly. If you try to get rid of this plant and some roots are left, the plant will still most likely come back: it is hard to destroy this plant because the root system is very strong. *However, humidity, clay soils, wet soils (lead to rotted roots or blacked buds), shallow soil (since this plant has long/deep roots), and heat (such as places that get very hot summers) do not suit oriental poppies. After the flower is done blooming, seed pods follow which some people find attractive.

Where to Plant: Needing at least 8 hours of sunlight, oriental poppies are best suited for meadows, rocky slopes, or beds that are cultivated.

When to Plant: Plant in spring (for container plants) or plant in fall (for outside).

Propagation tips: If dividing the plant, do this when oriental poppies are dormant around August.

Insect Pests, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: There are no major insect or diseases for this plant*

More information on Papaver.

Cultivars:
  • Peter Pan
    compact
  • Watermelon
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#red#white#butterflies#pink#sun#full sun#drought tolerant#orange#white flowers#light shade#pink flowers#red flowers#cut flowers#orange flowers#slopes#rabbit resistant#dry soil#rocky soil#sandy soil#meadows#orange flower#dappled sunlight#deer resistant#loamy soil#herbaceous perennial#good cut flower#japanese garden#prairie#silvery-green leaves#rock garden
Cultivars:
  • Peter Pan
    compact
  • Watermelon
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#red#white#butterflies#pink#sun#full sun#drought tolerant#orange#white flowers#light shade#pink flowers#red flowers#cut flowers#orange flowers#slopes#rabbit resistant#dry soil#rocky soil#sandy soil#meadows#orange flower#dappled sunlight#deer resistant#loamy soil#herbaceous perennial#good cut flower#japanese garden#prairie#silvery-green leaves#rock garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Papaver
    Species:
    orientale
    Family:
    Papaveraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant attracts bees, butterflies, hummingbirds, and other wildlife.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    sandy soil, loamy soil; dry soil; drought tolerant; deer and rabbit; insect and disease (in general)
    Edibility:
    Even though oriental poppies have some toxicity, condiments have been made out of seed heads when they are young.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Ripening of seeds occur in mid-late summer (July to August).
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Black
    Orange
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Flowers bloom in late spring (generally May-June) or early summer. These big (4-6 inches), showy flowers have black/purple centers surrounded by petals that can be pink, red, white, or orange.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Silvery-green leaves are attractive but look like thistles. After the flowers bloom (spring/summer), the color of the leaves become duller until the leaves die. The leaves come back in fall.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Meadow
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Diseases
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Insect Pests
    Rabbits
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Toxicity (usually low) to animals has occurred from Papaver plants. Since toxicity has occurred with similar plants, it is suggested this plant has toxicity too. All parts are poisonous including the juice.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    unknown
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Seeds
    Stems