Plant DetailShow Menu

Ferns Osmunda

Other Common Name(s):

Description

Osmunda ferns are native to temperate climates, including many species native to southeast North America.  They are defined by having separate frond types– green fronds that photosynthesize and brown fronds (not flowers) that produce spores.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fern#apvg#naturalized area#apvg-p#shade
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fern#apvg#naturalized area#apvg-p#shade
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Osmunda
    Family:
    Osmundaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Distribution:
    Temperate regions worldwide
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Fern
    Perennial
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Broad
    Vase
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Fronds
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Pinnatifid
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Young fronds emerge in tight coils, expanding out into large, broad, compound leaflets. Sterile fronds are green and present year-round while the more feathery fertile fronds are gold to red-brown and emerge in fall.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    No stems; leaves rise directly out of the ground.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Heavy Shade