- Phonetic Spelling
- oz-MAN-thus ah-mer-ih-KAY-nah
Osmanthus americanus, also called Devilwood or Wild olive is native to the southeastern US. This shrub or small tree is often multitrunked with very strong wood. It has an open loose habit and is drought tolerant once established. Small scented flowers appear in late spring and the fruit that follows attracts birds;. Particularly resistant to damage by deer. This plant is highly salt tolerant.
Synonym: Cartrema americana
Seasons of Interest:
Leaf: Fall Blooms: Spring Nut/Fruit/Seed: Late Summer/Fall
Wildlife Value: This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer. It provides cover during the winter and extreme weather. Its fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals.
Form: loose habit
Exposure: range of soil conditions
- Country Or Region Of Origin:
- Coastal Plains
- Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
- Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
Whole Plant Traits:
- Plant Type:
- Native Plant
- Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
- Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
- Soil pH:
- Acid (<6.0)
- Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
- 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
- Fruit Color:
- Display/Harvest Time:
- Fruit Type:
- Fruit Description:
- Nut/Fruit/Seed Creamy white flowers in early spring; fragrant; dark blue fruit
- Flower Color:
- Flower Value To Gardener:
- Flower Bloom Time:
- Flower Shape:
- Flower Description:
- In the spring, small, urn-shaped, white flowers mature on the previous years growth of the Devilwood. This plant produces a dark blue drupe that matures in the fall
- Leaf Color:
- Hairs Present:
- Leaf Description:
- Seasons of Interest: Fall The leaf of the Devilwood is 2 to 4.5 in., opposite, simple and dark green. It is entire, with a smooth to slightly wavy margin and has a rusty colored underside. If grown in the sun, the leaves turn a yellow-green in the fall.
- Stem Is Aromatic:
- Resistance To Challenges: