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Osmanthus americanus

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
oz-MAN-thus ah-mer-ih-KAY-nah
Description

Osmanthus americanus, also called Devilwood or Wild olive is native to the southeastern US.   This shrub or small tree is often multitrunked with very strong wood.  It has an open loose habit and is drought tolerant once established. Small scented flowers appear in late spring and the fruit that follows attracts birds;.  Particularly resistant to damage by deer.  This plant is highly salt tolerant.

Synonym: Cartrema americana

Seasons of Interest: 

  Leaf:  Fall                   Blooms:  Spring            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Late Summer/Fall

Wildlife Value:   This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.  It provides cover during the winter and extreme weather.  Its fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals. 

Form: loose habit

Exposure: range of soil conditions

 

Cultivars:
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#birds#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#cover plant#coastal#food source#deer resistant
Cultivars:
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#birds#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#cover plant#coastal#food source#deer resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Osmanthus
    Species:
    americanus
    Family:
    Oleaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Coastal Plains
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-trunked
    Open
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Description:
    Nut/Fruit/Seed Creamy white flowers in early spring; fragrant; dark blue fruit
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Urn
    Flower Description:
    In the spring, small, urn-shaped, white flowers mature on the previous years growth of the Devilwood. This plant produces a dark blue drupe that matures in the fall
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Seasons of Interest:  Fall  The leaf of the Devilwood is 2 to 4.5 in., opposite, simple and dark green. It is entire, with a smooth to slightly wavy margin and has a rusty colored underside. If grown in the sun, the leaves turn a yellow-green in the fall.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Salt