Plant DetailShow Menu

Wild Olive Cartrema americana

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Osmanthus americanus
Phonetic Spelling
kar-tray-mah a-mer-ih-KAY-na
Description

Devilwood is a small, evergreen tree that may grow 15 to 20 feet tall. The leaves are opposite with a smooth to slightly wavy margin and rusty colored underside. The bark is gray-brown and finely scaly. In spring, small, urn-shaped, white flowers mature on the previous year's growth. The small tree produces a dark blue drupe that matures in the fall. It also produces fragrant flowers. This tree is found naturally in maritime forests in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. It is also found in inland sandy forests. This plant is dioecious: male pollinator plants are required to get a female fruit set.

Synonym: Cartrema americana

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating.  

Seasons of Interest: 

  Leaf:  Fall                   Blooms:  Spring            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Late Summer/Fall

Form: loose habit

Exposure: range of soil conditions

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#evergreen#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#native tree#salt tolerant#cover plant#coastal#food source#fire#medium flammability#NC native#deer resistant#caterpillars#pollinator plant#food source summer#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#fruits#bird friendly#food source soft mast fruit#butterfly larvae#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#evergreen#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#native tree#salt tolerant#cover plant#coastal#food source#fire#medium flammability#NC native#deer resistant#caterpillars#pollinator plant#food source summer#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#fruits#bird friendly#food source soft mast fruit#butterfly larvae#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cartrema
    Species:
    americana
    Family:
    Oleaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Coastal Plains
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Provides cover during the winter and extreme weather. Fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-trunked
    Open
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Description:
    DIsplays in late summer and fall between August and October.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Urn
    Flower Description:
    In the spring, small, urn-shaped, white flowers mature on the previous years growth of the Devilwood. This plant produces a dark blue drupe that matures in the fall. Flowers bloom April-May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Seasons of Interest:  Fall  The leaf of the Devilwood is 2 to 4.5 in., opposite, simple and dark green. It is entire, with a smooth to slightly wavy margin and has a rusty colored underside. If grown in the sun, the leaves turn a yellow-green in the fall.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Salt