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Cartrema americana

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Osmanthus americanus
Description

Devilwood is a small, evergreen tree that may grow 15 to 20 feet tall. The leaves are opposite with a smooth to slightly wavy margin and rusty colored underside. The bark is gray-brown and finely scaly. In spring, small, urn-shaped, white flowers mature on the previous year's growth. The small tree produces a dark blue drupe that matures in the fall.

Synonym: Cartrema americana

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating.  

Seasons of Interest: 

  Leaf:  Fall                   Blooms:  Spring            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Late Summer/Fall

Form: loose habit

Exposure: range of soil conditions

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#fruit#birds#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#cover plant#coastal#food source#fire#medium flammability#deer resistant#food source summer#food source fall
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#fruit#birds#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#salt tolerant#cover plant#coastal#food source#fire#medium flammability#deer resistant#food source summer#food source fall
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cartrema
    Species:
    americana
    Family:
    Oleaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Coastal Plains
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Provides cover during the winter and extreme weather. Fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-trunked
    Open
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Description:
    DIsplays in late summer and fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Urn
    Flower Description:
    In the spring, small, urn-shaped, white flowers mature on the previous years growth of the Devilwood. This plant produces a dark blue drupe that matures in the fall
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Seasons of Interest:  Fall  The leaf of the Devilwood is 2 to 4.5 in., opposite, simple and dark green. It is entire, with a smooth to slightly wavy margin and has a rusty colored underside. If grown in the sun, the leaves turn a yellow-green in the fall.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Salt