- Common Name(s):
- Black-eyed Susan, Orange coneflower
- Herbs, Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers
Black-eyed Susans are some of the most popular, toughest and most beautiful perennials grown today. The cultivar 'Goldsturm' is very desirable, having compact growth and prolific flowering. Cut Black-eyed Susans back after flowering, and a second, much smaller bloom may occur in late fall.
This showy daisy-like perennial grows up to 3 ft tall with branched stems and long-petioled ovate or lance-shaped basal leaves to 5 inches long and half as wide. The leaves and stems are hairy, and the leaves have prominent veins. Leaves are alternate with a toothed or almost smooth margin. The numerous flower heads are a little less than 3 inches across, with purple-brown disk florets making up the center of the eye and 10-20 brilliant yellow-orange ray florets add color surrounding the dark eye.
Blackeyed Susan spreads by underground stems called rhizomes to form large clumps. Propagation can be done by division in the spring or fall, or it can be propagated by seed.
They are easy to grow, thriving in any but soggy soils. It does best in full sun but tolerates partial shade. Deadheading or cutting back spent flowers during the bloom time will encourage this plant to send up more flowers, prolonging the blooming season.
A rosette of leaves that originate at the base of the stem persists through the winter, creating an attractive winter ground cover.
Regions: Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal
Seasons of Interest:
Leaves: Winter; Bloom: Summer, fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Fall
Wildlife Value: Flowers are very attractive to butterflies. Songbirds, especially American goldfinches, eat the seeds in the fall. This plant is occasionally damaged by deer but has been found to be moderately resistant.
- Summer into fall
- 1-3 ft.
- Flower Color:
- Gold with black center
- USDA Hardiness Zone 3-9
- Lower leaves are toothed; stem is unbranched or slightly branched
- 1 to 2 in. orange petals and a dark central disk
- Low spreading clumps
- Dry to moist sites
- Division spring or fall, seed
- Full sun to partial shade
- Well-drained, moist, dry
- Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain
- Eastern USA, North Carolina
- Life Cycle:
NCCES plant id: 773