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Rosa carolina

Common Name(s):
Carolina rose, Pasture rose
Native Plants

Rosa carolina, commonly called pasture rose, occurs in both dryish and wet soils. It is typically found in glades, open woods, prairies, along roads and railroads, and in wet soils along streams and swamps and low areas. Grows from 1-3' tall (less frequently to 6') and often spreads by suckers to form colonies or thickets in the wild. Features single (5-petaled), pink flowers (to 2.5" across) which bloom in May. No repeat bloom. It has smooth, dark green foliage. Has red hips in late summer.

Best grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soil in full sun. Best flowering and disease resistance occur in full sun. Water deeply and regularly (mornings are best). Avoid overhead watering. Good air circulation promotes vigorous and healthy growth and helps control foliar diseases. Summer mulch helps retain moisture and keep roots cool. Remove and destroy diseased leaves from plants (as practicable), and clean up and destroy dead leaves from the ground around the plants both during the growing season and as part of a thorough clean-up during winter (dormant season). Crowns appreciate protection in cold winter climates. Prune in late winter to early spring.

Regions:  Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal plains

Seasons of Interest: 

  Blooms:   Spring, summer          Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Wildlife Value:  This plant has a low resistance to damage from deer.  It provides excellent cover year round. Hips are eaten by songbirds, quail and wild turkey.  

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: 

3-6 ft.
Sun; well drained soil; drought tolerant
2 in., single, rich rose pink, fragrant flowers in summer; red hips in fall
cpp, deciduous, drought tolerant, hedge, fragrant, songbirds, butterflies, showy

NCCES plant id: 548

Rosa carolina Rosa carolina
Charles Wohlers, CC BY-NC-ND - 4.0
Rosa carolina Rosa carolina
Fritz Flohr Reynolds, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Rosa carolina Rosa carolina
Malcolm Manners, CC BY - 4.0