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Narcissus jonquilla

Phonetic Spelling
nar-SIS-us jong-KWIL-uh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Jonquil is a perennial bulbous herb that grows up to 1 1⁄2'.  This plant blooms in mid-spring has a spreading habit and is good for naturalizing. In the fall plant 3"-5" deep and 3"-6" apart to enjoy these easy to grow showy golden-yellow flowers in the spring.  Seed heads can be removed after flowering but do not remove leaves until they have died back as they are providing nutrients to next year's bulb. This plant benefits from the addition of bone meal or superphosphate to the planting soil. Cut foliage back after it has browned naturally. This plant is tolerant of heat and drought. It is intolerant of extremely wet conditions.  This plant is pest and disease free due to poisonous alkaloid content.

Quick ID Hints:

  • 1-3 flowers per stem, cylindric and onion-like leaves
  • Perianth segments are spreading, not reflexed, and yellow
  • Corona is cup-shaped and yellow

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Narcissus.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Dry Rock Stream Garden Backyard Respite Landscape
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#yellow#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#easy to grow#yellow flowers#low maintenance#rabbit resistant#deer resistant#fantz#HS302#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#yellow#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#easy to grow#yellow flowers#low maintenance#rabbit resistant#deer resistant#fantz#HS302#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Narcissus
    Species:
    jonquilla
    Family:
    Amaryllidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Portugal, Spain
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Resistant to pest and disease
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 0 ft. 8 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers have 1-3 petals, are scapose, ascending, fragrant, less than an inch in diameter, subtended by a one-valved, and have a membranous spathe. They are perianth tubular at base with 6 segments. The perianth segments are yellow, elliptic, and entire. Corona is yellow, conspicuous, cup-shaped, and has a margin that is shallowly lobed or somewhat crenate and less than an inch long and wide.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are basal, linear, channeled at base and cylindric above, entire, erect, and less than an inch wide.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Diseases
    Drought
    Heat
    Insect Pests
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Vomiting, salvation, diarrhea; large ingestions cause convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors, and cardiac arrhythmias. Bulbs are the most poisonous part.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Lycorine and other alkaloids
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No