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Lysimachia quadrifolia

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
lis-ih-MAK-ee-ah kwad-ree-FOH-lee-uh
Description

Whorled Loosestrife is native to fens and moist prairies in eastern North America. The yellow flowers arise from the leaf axis on long stems. The leaves are in an attractive whorled pattern up the stem in groups of 3-6 leaves but usually 4-5. It prefers moist soil but adapts to drier sites and a wide range of soil types. It spreads by rhizomes and seed but not too vigorously.

In NC it is found in a wide variety of forests and openings, including pine savannas of the outer Coastal Plain, ranging from moist to very dry. It is common in NC Mountains and the Piedmont but uncommon in the Coastal Plain.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#sun#partial shade#wildlife plant#yellow flowers#nectar plant#specialized bees#NC native#adaptable#pollinator plant#native wildflower#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#sun#partial shade#wildlife plant#yellow flowers#nectar plant#specialized bees#NC native#adaptable#pollinator plant#native wildflower#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Lysimachia
    Species:
    quadrifolia
    Family:
    Primulaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The Cherokee used this plant to treat kidney and urinary conditions.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern Canada to North Central & Eastern U.S.A
    Distribution:
    AL , CT , DC , DE , GA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: NB
    Wildlife Value:
    Members of the genus Lysimachia support the following specialized bees: Macropis (Macropis) ciliata, Macropis (Macropis) patellata, and Macropis (Macropis) steironematis.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Dry seed capsule opens to drop seeds. Fruit displays from August to October.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    1/2 inch wide flowers have long stalks and arise from the leaf axils with 1 flower per axil. Flowers are star-shaped with 5 yellow petals with a reddish eye. The five stamens are united at the base by a fleshy band that is attached to the petals, giving them the appearance of an upright tube. Flowers bloom from May to August.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are in a whorled pattern along the stem in groups of 4-5 most of the time. They are oval to lance-shaped and 2 to 4.5 inches long and .5 to 1.5 inches wide. The leaves are pointed at the tip with little to no stem at the base. The margins and undersides have scattered fine hairs.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Straight unbranched green stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees