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Oriental Lilies Lilium – Oriental Hybrids

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
LIL-ee-um
Description

The oriental hybrid lilies in the Liliaceae family are colorful fragrant plants that come from crossing a variety of Oriental lilies. They differ from Asiatic lilies in that the flowers are larger and fragrant and the leaves are more lance-shaped. The stem grows from a loose scaley bulb that will make offsets over time. Plants can be from 1 to 6 feet tall depending on the cultivar.

These lilies grow 1-1.5 feet tall and look best planted in groups. Plant the bulbs according to package directions in fertile, moist, well-drained soil in full sun to light shade. These plants will not tolerate alkaline soil.

These lilies tend to be the last to bloom and some cultivars may even bloom into fall. There are many colors and sizes to choose from. The flowers tend to be upward-facing and long lasting making them great cut flowers. The fragrance can be quite strong which a few people may not appreciate. 

Use in the border, en masse, or in a cutting garden. Flowers will attract pollinators except for the double-flowered cultivars, as there is no pollen. Lilies can also be grown in pots and forced to bloom sooner, if desired.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Bulbs can rot in poorly drained soils. Fungal diseases can occur during a persistent rainy period. Botrytis can affect the stem. The lily beetle and aphids may be pests. They are toxic to cats and rabbits, and deer will browse the plants. Lily pollen will stain clothes and hands.

 

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Lilium.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Casa Blanca'
    White flowers on 3-4 ft plant
  • 'Dizzy'
    White flower with reddish-pink spots and stripes
  • 'Entertainer'
    Pink flowers with a white throat
  • 'Souvenir'
    Pink petals with white throat. Compact 1-2 ft plant
  • 'Starfighter'
    Purplish red flower with spots and white ruffled edges
  • 'Stargazer'
    Pinkish red fragrant blooms
  • 'Starlight Express'
    Fushia petals with white edges. Compact plant 1-2 feet tall
  • 'Sumatra'
    Burgandy petals with white edges and slightly recurved
  • 'Tom Pounce'
    Soft lavenders flowers with yellow ribs
'Casa Blanca', 'Dizzy', 'Entertainer', 'Souvenir', 'Starfighter', 'Stargazer', 'Starlight Express', 'Sumatra', 'Tom Pounce'
Tags:
#cultivars#showy flowers#fragrant flowers#white flowers#pink flowers#yellow flowers#mass planting#fast growing#large flowers#cutting garden#border back#border middle#butterfly friendly#problem for cats#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Casa Blanca'
    White flowers on 3-4 ft plant
  • 'Dizzy'
    White flower with reddish-pink spots and stripes
  • 'Entertainer'
    Pink flowers with a white throat
  • 'Souvenir'
    Pink petals with white throat. Compact 1-2 ft plant
  • 'Starfighter'
    Purplish red flower with spots and white ruffled edges
  • 'Stargazer'
    Pinkish red fragrant blooms
  • 'Starlight Express'
    Fushia petals with white edges. Compact plant 1-2 feet tall
  • 'Sumatra'
    Burgandy petals with white edges and slightly recurved
  • 'Tom Pounce'
    Soft lavenders flowers with yellow ribs
'Casa Blanca', 'Dizzy', 'Entertainer', 'Souvenir', 'Starfighter', 'Stargazer', 'Starlight Express', 'Sumatra', 'Tom Pounce'
Tags:
#cultivars#showy flowers#fragrant flowers#white flowers#pink flowers#yellow flowers#mass planting#fast growing#large flowers#cutting garden#border back#border middle#butterfly friendly#problem for cats#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Lilium
    Family:
    Liliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Three-celled capsules ripen late summer to fall
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Variegated
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    > 6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Large colorful flowers vary in color per cultivar. Flowers are upward facing with long stamens and up to 8 inches across. They typically have 6 sepals but some may be double-flowered.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Lance-shaped green leaves are alternate and appear whorled on the stem with parallel venation
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Green sturdy upright stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Small Space
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats