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Wood Nettle Laportea canadensis

Phonetic Spelling
lah-POR-tee-ah kan-ah-DEN-sis
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Erect, perennial herb with conspicuous stinging hairs throughout; leaves alternate, simple, coarsely toothed; flowers small and inconspicuous, in axillary clusters

Forest or natural areas in rich woods, moist bottomlands of rivers and streams

EDIBLE PARTS: Young shoots eaten as potherb. Boiling destroys irritant. Add to stews or soups. HARVEST TIME: Only collect young shoots from areas you know have NOT been treated with pesticides. Collect the young shoots in the spring. Wear gloves while collecting shoots; the shoots can cause a stinging effect. SAFE HANDLING PROCEDURES: Soak young shoots in warm water to remove dirt and debris. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer. These products can leave a residue. Place young shoots in boiling, salted water (with a pair of kitchen tongs) and boil for five minutes. Serve as a vegetable or add to soups. The stinging quality disappears after cooking. SOURCE: Crowhurst, A. 1972. The Weed Cookbook. Lancer Books, Inc. New York, 190 pp.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#NC native#native garden#perennials#edible garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#NC native#native garden#perennials#edible garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Laportea
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Urticaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central & East Canada to Mexico
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Insignificant
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small and inconspicuous, in axillary clusters
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Prickly
    Velvety
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, simple, coarsely toothed; covered in stinging hairs
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Stinging hairs
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    SKIN IRRITATION MINOR, OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Contact with the stinging hairs causes intense burning, itching, or stinging lasting usually less than an hour.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Mixture of chemicals, not well understood
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Stems