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Potato Dandelion Krigia dandelion

Previously known as:

  • Cynthia dandelion
  • Leontodon dandelion
Phonetic Spelling
KRIG-ee-uh DAN·​de·​lie·​on
Description

Potato Dwarf Dandelion is a native perennial herb in the Aster family (Asteraceae) and is native to North America. It grows in semi-moist sandy or clay-loam soils, oak-hickory woods, fields, pastures and on roadsides. It is found from southern New Jersey south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to Missouri and throughout North Carolina. It is unique in propagating extensively through tubers which can be seen attached to the shallow stolons just below the surface. These 1/2" edible tubers give this plant it's "Potato" Dandelion moniker.

This plant will grow 4-20 inches high and spread by rhizomes. Preference is for well-drained soil but can tolerate a wide range of soil types including sandy and clay soils. Potato dwarf dandelion prefers full sun to part shade. Propagation is by seed or division. To propagate by seed, sow the seeds in the spring or fall. To propagate by division, dig up the plant in the spring or fall and separate the clumps.

In April to June, potato dwarf dandelion displays a single large yellow/orange flower on a leafless stem. The leaves are arranged in a basal rosette and may vary in shape but are generally linear to lobed and narrow”

This plant can be used in an edible garden as all parts are edible. It can also be used in a naturalized area, meadow, or planned herb garden. Be aware that it can be weedy and the milky sap in the stem can cause contact dermatitis for sensitive people. 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No significant problems. Can be subject to root rot if soil is too wet. May also get powdery mildew..

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#full sun tolerant#edible plant#yellow flowers#low maintenance#spring flowers#NC native#herbaceous perennial#native garden#edible garden#naturalized area#NC Native Pollinator Plant#butterfly friendly#bee friendly#contact dermatitis#pollinator garden#meadow#part shade tolerant#weedy#edible tubers
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#full sun tolerant#edible plant#yellow flowers#low maintenance#spring flowers#NC native#herbaceous perennial#native garden#edible garden#naturalized area#NC Native Pollinator Plant#butterfly friendly#bee friendly#contact dermatitis#pollinator garden#meadow#part shade tolerant#weedy#edible tubers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Krigia
    Species:
    dandelion
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Distribution:
    AL, AR, DC, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OH, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA
    Wildlife Value:
    Flowers attract pollinators
    Edibility:
    All parts are edible. The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked and have a slightly bitter taste. The flowers add color and nutrition to salads or can be used to brew tea. Roasted dandelion roots are used in a tasty drink similar to coffee.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Tiny (2.5mm) generally cylindrical with microscopic blunt ribs
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Radial
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    The flowers are solitary bright yellow-orange with 8-13 petals each with fringed tips borne on a long stem. They are 1/2 to 2 inches across. Long, narrow, leafy green bracts are at the base of the flower head. Blooms April-June
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Spatulate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Long, thin, hairless green leaves with small infrequent teeth. The leaf tip is usually sharply pointed. The shape varies from linear to lanceolate to spatulate.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Green round leafless smooth stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Small Space
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Weedy