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Ocala Anise Illicium parviflorum

Phonetic Spelling
il-LISS-ee-um par-VEE-flor-um
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

This large, upright, dense evergreen shrub or small tree suckers to form colonies. It grows between 15'-20' high and 10'-15' wide with a sympodial growth habit.  It is moderately drought and soil-type tolerant (will tolerate a range of soil types:  moist, dry, heavy clay, loam, acidic, alkaline)  It is native to the lower southeastern US; and is the most cold hardy Illicum spp. This plant prefers part sun to part shade and has no major pest or disease problems. It blooms from May-June into the fall, has a vigorous growth rate, is easy to grow, and has no fall color change. This plant is particularly resistant to damage by deer.

Quick ID Hints:

  • New leaves are soft yellow-green.
  • Adult leaves are olive green and 2"-4" long.
  • Has unique imbricate, green buds.
  • Flowers are yellowish-green, have 6-12 petals, and are 1⁄2"  wide. 
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Dry Stream Garden Deck Planting
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Florida Sunshine'
Tags:
#evergreen#hardy#poisonous#partial shade#shrub#acidic soil#easy to grow#partial sun#shade tolerant#fragrant leaves#woody#dappled shade#wet sites#moist soil#disease resistant#cpp#pest resistant#deer resistant#alkaline soil tolerant#fantz#evergreen shrub#loamy soils tolerant#clay soils tolerant#dry soils tolerant#full shade
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Florida Sunshine'
Tags:
#evergreen#hardy#poisonous#partial shade#shrub#acidic soil#easy to grow#partial sun#shade tolerant#fragrant leaves#woody#dappled shade#wet sites#moist soil#disease resistant#cpp#pest resistant#deer resistant#alkaline soil tolerant#fantz#evergreen shrub#loamy soils tolerant#clay soils tolerant#dry soils tolerant#full shade
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Illicium
    Species:
    parviflorum
    Family:
    Schisandraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Layering
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Florida and Dominican Republic
    Distribution:
    lower southeastern United States
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    deer
    Edibility:
    POISONOUS IF INGESTED. NOT a substitute for the star anise spice.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Mounding
    Open
    Oval
    Pyramidal
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Fruit Type:
    Aggregate
    Follicle
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    A star-shaped fruit no greater than an inch composed of many follicles that split open at maturity. Cannot be used as a spice, unlike its similarly-named counterpart.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    These nodding, imbricate yellow to yellowish-green flowers are 1/2" wide. There are 6-12 petals per flower and flowers have a faint, pleasant scent. They grow solitary at the axils, sometimes in groups of up to 3.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are olive green 2-4 inches long, and half as wide when mature. New foliage is a soft yellow-green. Leaves are alternate, simple, elliptical with a blunt point at the apex, cuneate, entire, and anise-scented. The veins are inconspicuous or difficult to see.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Fissured
    Lenticels
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Smooth to coarse surface with sparse lenticels. Develops some fissures with old age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    Yes
    Stem Buds:
    Scaly
    Stem Bud Scales:
    Enclosed in more than 2 scales
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Lenticels:
    Conspicuous
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Stems are green, glabrous, stout, and rounded. Buds are unique, medium-large, imbricate, and green. Has a tendency to form suckers at the base.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Rain Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Small Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Diseases
    Heavy Shade
    Insect Pests
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
    Problem for Children
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Poisonous to humans and livestock if ingested. NOT a substitute for the star anise spice.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Unknown
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Seeds