Plant DetailShow Menu

Homalosorus pycnocarpos

Previously known as:

  • Asplenium pycnocarpon
  • Athyrium pycnocarpon
  • Diplazium pycnocarpon
Phonetic Spelling
ho-ma-loh-SOR-us PIK-no-kar-pus
Description

Glade Fern is an elegant fern with attractive shiny leaves. It spreads by creeping rhizomes and prefers continuous moisture in well-drained soils and partial to full shade. The fronds will turn brown in low moisture conditions. Large clumping colonies can form over time.

Ferns do not bloom but reproduce from spores formed on fertile leaves.

No serious problems.

Habitat: Very nutrient-rich, loamy or seepy forests, over calcareous sedimentary (such as limestone or dolostone) or mafic metamorphic or igneous rocks (such as greenstone or amphibolite)

VIDEO Created by NC State Extension's Homegrown series featuring Mark Weathington, Director of JC Raulston Arboretum.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hardy#deciduous#shade tolerant#showy leaves#fern#pond margins#moist soil#NC native#deer resistant#clumps#native garden#non-flowering#woodland#food source summer#food source herbage#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hardy#deciduous#shade tolerant#showy leaves#fern#pond margins#moist soil#NC native#deer resistant#clumps#native garden#non-flowering#woodland#food source summer#food source herbage#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Homalosorus
    Species:
    pycnocarpos
    Family:
    Aspleniaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern Canada to U.S.A
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: ON
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Heavy shade, Deer
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Fern
    Native Plant
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Clumping
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Displays from July to September
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    No flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Fronds
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The fronds are compound leaves and grow 1.5 to 3.5 feet tall. Individual leaflets are longest (up to 4½" long) toward the middle of each leaf, becoming smaller toward the bottom and the top. The Green, arching fronds grow in a circular cluster of 5 or 6 fronds. The leaflets of fertile leaves develop dark elongated sori (spore-bearing structures).
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Water Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Heavy Shade