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Heuchera americana

Previously known as:

  • Heuchera americana var. americana
  • Heuchera americana var. hirsuticaulis
  • Heuchera americana var. hispida
Phonetic Spelling
HEW-ker-ah a-mer-ih-KAY-nah
Description

Heuchera americana is a small, mounding evergreen with attractive foliage that has been used as a component of modern hybrids to lend hardiness, vigor, and color. It does best in moist rich woods in shade to part sun. The alum root has fibrous roots and a mounded rosette of attractive foliage highlighted with colorful veins or marbling.  The leaves emerge in a dense spiral from a short central crown and can be green or variegated in shades of purple, bronze or cream. Flower panicles emerge in the spring on leafless stalks above the foliage. The individual tiny flowers are bell-shaped with extended stamens and are greenish or creamy with a pinkish tint.

Clumps should be divided every 3 to 4 years in spring or fall.

Several similar Heuchera subspecies are difficult to distinguish from one another. 

The genus name Heuchera is in honor of the 18th-century German physician, botanist, and medicinal plant expert Johann von Heucher.

 Learn more about Heuchera spp.

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#nectar plant#specialized bees#cpp#deer resistant#native garden#woodland#pollinator plant#ground cover#naturalized area
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#nectar plant#specialized bees#cpp#deer resistant#native garden#woodland#pollinator plant#ground cover#naturalized area
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Heuchera
    Species:
    americana
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Roots contain the mineral substance alum which is a powerful astringent.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    native to eastern and central North America, from Ontario
    Wildlife Value:
    Members of the genus Heuchera support the following specialized bee: Colletes aestivalis. The foliage is high in tannins, giving it a bitter taste and making it unappetizing to deer.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Orange
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The flowering stalk is 1-2 ft. and almost leafless. Small greenish-purple bell-shaped flowers droop from short branching stems. The stamens are tipped with orange anthers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Orbicular
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Each leaf has a long stalk and grows from the base of the plant; 7 to 9 shallowly lobed, toothed and heart-shaped leaves; 3-4 in. wide
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Rabbits