Plant DetailShow Menu

Arizona Cypress Hesperocyparis arizonica

Previously known as:

  • Cupressus arizonica
Phonetic Spelling
hes-per-oh-SY-pair-iss air-ih-ZOWN-ih-kuh
Description

Arizona Cypress is a conical, broadly pyramidal growing conifer. It will grow about 4"-8" per year and reach a mature height of 40'-60' and a width of 15'-20'. Trunk diameter is 1'1"-1'8" wide. If creating a screen, you will want to plant at least 7' apart.  It does best in full to partial sun.  It has beautiful silvery blue/teal coloration year-round. 

The branches are sturdy but have a lacy appearance.  Its aroma and color interest make a great display in holiday greenery. Reddish-brown bark; susceptible to canker; foliage thins if grown in shade; can be used as a specimen tree or for windbreaks.  This plant is moderately salt tolerant.

Arizona Cypress grows best in full sun and well-drained soil. It is moderately drought tolerant and salt tolerant, has a low water requirement once established, and can withstand the heat of summer. It grows well on slopes and in sandy soil as well. It is relatively trouble-free, and moderately deer resistant, making it a good choice for screening, compared to other fast-growing evergreen choices.  A few varieties are sometimes grown as Christmas trees, especially in warmer areas of NC.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Blue Ice'
    Commercially grown as a Christmas tree
  • 'Blue Pyramid'
  • 'Carolina Sapphire'
    Electric blue needles; Commercially grown as a Cristmas tree
  • 'Glabra'
  • 'Glabra Limelight'
  • 'Glauca'
  • 'Golden Pyramid'
  • 'Sapphire Skies'
  • 'Silver Smoke'
  • 'Sulfurea'
'Blue Ice', 'Blue Pyramid', 'Carolina Sapphire', 'Glabra', 'Glabra Limelight', 'Glauca' , 'Golden Pyramid', 'Sapphire Skies', 'Silver Smoke', 'Sulfurea'
Tags:
#evergreen#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#blue green needles#salt tolerant#playground#disease resistant#cpp#pest resistant#deer resistant#children's garden#edible garden#Braham Arboretum#Christmas tree#Christmas decorations#christmas
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Blue Ice'
    Commercially grown as a Christmas tree
  • 'Blue Pyramid'
  • 'Carolina Sapphire'
    Electric blue needles; Commercially grown as a Cristmas tree
  • 'Glabra'
  • 'Glabra Limelight'
  • 'Glauca'
  • 'Golden Pyramid'
  • 'Sapphire Skies'
  • 'Silver Smoke'
  • 'Sulfurea'
'Blue Ice', 'Blue Pyramid', 'Carolina Sapphire', 'Glabra', 'Glabra Limelight', 'Glauca' , 'Golden Pyramid', 'Sapphire Skies', 'Silver Smoke', 'Sulfurea'
Tags:
#evergreen#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#blue green needles#salt tolerant#playground#disease resistant#cpp#pest resistant#deer resistant#children's garden#edible garden#Braham Arboretum#Christmas tree#Christmas decorations#christmas
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hesperocyparis
    Species:
    arizonica
    Family:
    Cupressaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    leaves are used as an anti-fungal
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southwestern U.S.A., Mexico
    Play Value:
    Buffer
    Screening
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    drought tolerant, heat tolerant, moderate salt tolerance, moderate deer resistance
    Edibility:
    Edible fruit
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Erect
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11b, 11a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    As a conifer, it does not produce fruits, producing grey-brown cones instead. The cones only open once the branch they are on has died.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Other/more complex
    Leaf Shape:
    Auriculate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Evergreen scales; green to blue-green or grey-green.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Light Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Furrowed
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Recreational Play Area
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Hummingbirds
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Diseases
    Drought
    Heat
    Insect Pests
    Salt