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Hedera colchica

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
HED-er-ah KOHL-chik-ah
Description

Persian Ivy has attractive, large, thick, leathery leaves that will form a dense groundcover and is a good alternative for shady areas where grass will not grow. It can be  mowed with a rotary mower set on high. It can also be trained to a trellis, arbor,  wall or topiary form. and is a good choice to control erosion on slopes or hills.  It is not reliably frost hardy and should be mulched heavily in colder regions.

Persian ivy may be subject to damage by leaf spots, mites, slugs, and snails.

See this plant in the following landscapes:
Shade Garden Sitting Wall
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Dentata'
  • 'Dentata Variegata'
  • 'Sulphur Heart'
  • 'Variegata'
'Dentata', 'Dentata Variegata' , 'Sulphur Heart' , 'Variegata'
Tags:
#houseplant#drought tolerant#shade garden#lawn alternative#variegated leaves#winter interest#erosion control#well-drained soil#trellises#climbing vines#groundcover#pollinator plant#bird friendly#dry soils tolerant#groundcovers that can be mowed#bee friendly#container plants
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Dentata'
  • 'Dentata Variegata'
  • 'Sulphur Heart'
  • 'Variegata'
'Dentata', 'Dentata Variegata' , 'Sulphur Heart' , 'Variegata'
Tags:
#houseplant#drought tolerant#shade garden#lawn alternative#variegated leaves#winter interest#erosion control#well-drained soil#trellises#climbing vines#groundcover#pollinator plant#bird friendly#dry soils tolerant#groundcovers that can be mowed#bee friendly#container plants
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hedera
    Species:
    colchica
    Family:
    Araliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Leaf Cutting
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Western Caucasus, northern Turkey
    Wildlife Value:
    black fruits are eaten by birds, bees are attracted to flowers.
    Climbing Method:
    Clinging
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 70 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Vine
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Multi-stemmed
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Round black berries when ripe in winter. Birds disperse the seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Umbel
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are individually small, greenish, produced in large numbers in umbels, and very rich in nectar. Blooms late summer to fall.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves on the climbing stems are palmately five-lobed juvenile leaves. The leaves on the flowering stems are unlobed cordate adult leaves. Leaves are up to 6 inches wide and 10 inches long.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Lenticels:
    Conspicuous
    Stem Description:
    Brown stems with aerial rootlets for clinging
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Naturalized Area
    Rock Wall
    Slope/Bank
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Shade Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Erosion
    Heavy Shade
    Problems:
    Frequent Insect Problems