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Silk Tassel Bush Garrya elliptica

Previously known as:

  • Garrya lindleyana
Phonetic Spelling
GAR-ree-uh ee-LIP-tih-kuh
Description

Silk tassel bush is a flowering evergreen shrub in the Garryaceae family that is known for its showy cascading flowers.  It is native to the coastal ranges in California and Oregon but its neat attractive growing habit makes it appealing as a landscape plant.  It is commonly used as a hedge and has a moderate to fast growth rate.   Although the flowers bloom in January and February, dried leaves remain on the tree well into summer as light gray decorations. The plant has smooth dark bark, dark-greenish when young, but with age the bark roughens. New twigs are green and moderately stout. 'James Roof' is one popular horticultural variety known for its especially long tassels.  Prune immediately after flowering.  Resistant to damage by deer.

Seasons of Interest:

    Bloom:  Winter-Spring, Feb-May   Foliage: Summer  Bark: Winter

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'James Root'
    Especially long flowers
Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#small tree#songbirds#bark#interesting bark#wildlife plant#low maintenance#winter interest#clay soil#windbreak#playground#hedges#fast growing#buffer#deer resistant#glossy leaves#shrub border#children's garden#cascading flowers#clay soil tolerant#screening#leathery leaves#evergreen shrub#food source summer#food source fall
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'James Root'
    Especially long flowers
Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#small tree#songbirds#bark#interesting bark#wildlife plant#low maintenance#winter interest#clay soil#windbreak#playground#hedges#fast growing#buffer#deer resistant#glossy leaves#shrub border#children's garden#cascading flowers#clay soil tolerant#screening#leathery leaves#evergreen shrub#food source summer#food source fall
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Garrya
    Species:
    elliptica
    Family:
    Garryaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Native to coastal ranges in California and Oregon
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds enjoy the fruits.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Buffer
    Screening
    Dimensions:
    Height: 7 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 7 ft. 0 in. - 16 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Very Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Purple/Lavender
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Grape-like clusters fruits are 6 mm wide, starting out green and then turning pubescent with purple-gray hairs.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Winter
    Flower Size:
    > 6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Doecious flowers are concentrated in flower clusters which cascade downward as aments of approximately four to six centimeters in length. While the Coast silk-tassel manifests separate male and female plants, the pendant male catkins are much showier and are grey-green and up to 30 centimeters long; the female ones are shorter and silver-grey. Flowers appear in winter.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Opposite, elliptical to ovate leaves that have a tough leathery feel, glossy green on top, but paler and duller, hairy on the underside. The petiole is grooved and flattened above, stout.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Green
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Smooth dark bark gets more rough with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Orange
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Orange green leathery brown
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Small Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer