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Snowdrop Galanthus nivalis

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Snowdrop:

Phonetic Spelling
gah-LAN-thus niv-AL-is
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

This perennial is commonly called snowdrop and is native to Europe and southwestern Asia.  They are bulbous perennials with 2-3 strap-shaped, basal leaves.  Each plant grows solitary flowers on a naked stem, 6-parted, white but with inner segments that have a terminal green mark.  Its flowers are a sure sign that spring is on the way as they bloom from late February to late March, even if snow is present. 

It is easily grown in well-drained soils in full sun to partial shade. More moisture is needed if grown in partial shade; it grows particularly well under deciduous trees. It prefers cooler climates and may be short-lived when grown south of Zone 7. It naturalizes easily through self-seeding and bulb offsets which can grow into large colonies.  Plant 0-2 in. apart, 60-400 per sq. ft., 5 in. to base of the bulb.

There are no serious insect or disease problems; however, wear gloves when planting bulbs to avoid possible skin irritation.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#bulb#poisonous#houseplant#spring flowers#flowering#winter flowers#naturalizes
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#bulb#poisonous#houseplant#spring flowers#flowering#winter flowers#naturalizes
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Galanthus
    Species:
    nivalis
    Family:
    Amaryllidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe
    Distribution:
    Native to a large area of Europe, from Spain in the west, eastwards to Ukraine. Naturalized in North Carolina and Virginia as well as several other states.
    Edibility:
    Bulbs are toxic if eaten
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 0 ft. 9 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 3 in. - 0 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Poisonous
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Spreading
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    A solitary, pendulous, bell-shaped white flower, held on a slender pedicel. 6-parted, white but with inner segments that have a terminal green mark.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Each bulb generally produces two to three linear, or very narrowly lanceolate, greyish-green leaves from its base.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Houseplants
    Naturalized Area
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Phenanthridine alkaloids
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Roots