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Large Witch-alder Fothergilla latifolia

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Fothergilla major
Phonetic Spelling
foth-er-GIL-lah lat-ee-FOH-lee-uh
Description

Red, orange, yellow fall foliage on each leaf; slow grower; rounded multistemmed shrub with erect stems; drought tolerant and tolerates wet soils; may occasionally sucker; native to mountainous regions of southeastern US; native; excellent fall color.

Wildilfe Value: This plant is seldom damaged by deer.

Play Value: Wildlife Enhancement

Seed: Capsule

Compare this Plant to: Fothergilla gardenii

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Ark Beauty'
  • 'Blue Shadow'
  • 'Mt Airy'
    More cold hardy
'Ark Beauty', 'Blue Shadow', 'Mt Airy'
Tags:
#fragrant#deciduous#drought tolerant#deciduous shrub#riparian#fall interest#wetlands#playground#wet sites#cpp#NC native#children's garden#food source fall#food source nectar#food source pollen#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Ark Beauty'
  • 'Blue Shadow'
  • 'Mt Airy'
    More cold hardy
'Ark Beauty', 'Blue Shadow', 'Mt Airy'
Tags:
#fragrant#deciduous#drought tolerant#deciduous shrub#riparian#fall interest#wetlands#playground#wet sites#cpp#NC native#children's garden#food source fall#food source nectar#food source pollen#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Fothergilla
    Species:
    latifolia
    Family:
    Hamamelidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Mountanous regions of Southeast US.
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds and butterflies are attracted to the flowers.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Drought tolerant. Will tolerate wet soil.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 6 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Brown capsule with two curved horn-like projections (styles) displays from July to October.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    Colored Sepals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1-3 in. bottlebrush-like spike of white apetalous flowers from April to May. The sepals form a small cup and the 12-32 white filaments. (stamens) are in the center. The fragrance varies from none to honey-like
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Denticulate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, simple, leathery, blue-green to dark green leaves; with grayish to whitish underside with pubescent veins. 2-4 in. long and almost as wide. Coarsely denticulate on the upper half of the leaf. Red, orange, yellow fall color on each individual leaf.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Wet Soil