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Long Leaf Fig Ficus maclellandii

Other Common Name(s):

Description

Banana leaf fig is an evergreen tree in the Moraceae (fig) family native to India, Southeast Asia and China.  It is commonly grown as a houseplant in temperate climates. The most popular one found for sale is the cultivar 'Alii' which is sometimes sold with a braided trunk. In their native habitat, they grow quite large and produce small figs. As a house plant, they may reach 6- 10 feet tall. They can be pruned to control size if needed.

These plants do best with bright indirect lighting. Plant in a potting mixture with good drainage and water the plant once the top 1-2 inches of the soil has dried out as they don't like soggy soils. They only need to be fertilized twice yearly. 

The stems contain latex which can cause contact dermatitis for some people so handle carefully when pruning.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: whitefly, scale,and  ficus mealybug can be a problem

VIDEO created by Andy Pulte for “Landscape Plant Identification, Taxonomy and Morphology” a plant identification course offered by the Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee.

 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alii'
'Alii'
Tags:
#houseplant#specimen#interiorscape#Asian garden#shade tolerant#braided trunk#tall plant#landscape plant sleuths course
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alii'
'Alii'
Tags:
#houseplant#specimen#interiorscape#Asian garden#shade tolerant#braided trunk#tall plant#landscape plant sleuths course
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ficus
    Species:
    maclellandii
    Family:
    Moraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China, Malaysia
    Wildlife Value:
    In its native habitat, the fig wasp pollinates the flower inside the fruit. Birds and mammals will eat the fruits
    Dimensions:
    Height: 6 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 4 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Houseplant
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Irregular
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The small fruits develop in pairs at the leaf axils. They are yellow to red, with a flat or swollen opening at the bottom of the fruit when mature. It is best to remove the fruits when they appear
  • Flowers:
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Description:
    The tiny flowers develop within the fig.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The stalked leathery leaves are spirally arranged and are oblong to oval to lance-shaped or slightly ovate and 3-10 by 1.5-3.5 inches.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Bark Description:
    Smooth light brown bark
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Design Feature:
    Specimen
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis