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Euphorbia corollata

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
yoo-FOR-bee-ah kor-ol-LAY-tah
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Euphorbia corollata, or Flowering Spurge, is a slender, diffusely branched herb with milky cell sap. The arrangement of the plant's leaves is distinctive, being alternate along the length of each stem, but changing to a whorl of three or more just beneath a flower. Flowering Spurge is monoecious, meaning that male and female flowers are produced on the same plant. Flowers bloom from early summer to early autumn, with no fragrance. After bloom, female flowers become capsules, each containing three seeds. The capsules split open to eject their seeds.

The plant is toxic if eaten. Minor skin irritation lasting a few minutes is also possible. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea when ingested and redness, swelling, and blisters following skin contact.

Because Flowering Spurge tolerates almost any kind of soil, including loam, clay, sand, gravel, or rocky material, it can be found as a wildflower in forests or natural areas at the edge of woods or as a weed in disturbed areas along roadsides, waste places, and old fields. Thriving in poor soil is an advantage for this plant because it reduces competition. It is also resistant to drought and most diseases.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fall#white#sun#poisonous#partial shade#summer#spring#perennial#wildflowers#cpp
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fall#white#sun#poisonous#partial shade#summer#spring#perennial#wildflowers#cpp
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Euphorbia
    Species:
    corollata
    Family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South Eastern United States
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    Bracts
    Flower Size:
    > 6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Panicle is flat-headed with an open airy appearance.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Opposite
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Songbirds
    Problems:
    Poisonous
    Weedy
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    When ingested, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can occur. With skin contact, redness, swelling, and blisters appear after some delay.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Diterpene esters in milky latex
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Sap/Juice