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Epidendrum ibaguense

Previously known as:

  • Epidendrum decipiens
Phonetic Spelling
ep-ih-DEN-drum ib-ah-goo-EN-see
Description

The crucifix orchid is a perennial native to South America in the orchid family. It is considered a lithophytic because it will grow on rocks, but it can also be grown in a fast-draining soil mix. The plant can grow to 35 inches tall with leathery strap-like leaves and dense clusters of flowers in various colors. In a tropical setting, the plant will bloom all year. The common name of crucifix orchid comes from the lower lip which looks like a small cross.

This plant needs heat, humidity and indirect sunlight to perform at its best. Although mature plants are considered to be drought tolerant, weekly watering during the warmer months and reduced watering in the cooler months will benefit this plant. Standing water or allowing to dry out completely is discouraged. If growing this orchid in a pot, be sure it is a fast-draining mix for orchids to prevent root rot. This orchid is considered easy to grow, so it is a good one for beginner orchid growers to try out. While actively blooming it will need to be regularly fertilized

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Root rot can occur from overwatering.  Too much direct sunlight can cause the leaves to turn brown.  Too little light may cause the plant to become leggy and reduced flowering.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#full sun tolerant#heat tolerant#houseplant#drought tolerant#pink flowers#red flowers#yellow flowers#epiphytic#tropical perennials#long-lasting flowers#deer resistant#orchid#rock garden#cutting garden#pollinator plant#humidity tolerant#butterfly friendly#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#tropical#salt spray intolerant#showy#butterflies#butterfly#erect#butterfly garden#pollinator garden#bees
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#full sun tolerant#heat tolerant#houseplant#drought tolerant#pink flowers#red flowers#yellow flowers#epiphytic#tropical perennials#long-lasting flowers#deer resistant#orchid#rock garden#cutting garden#pollinator plant#humidity tolerant#butterfly friendly#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#tropical#salt spray intolerant#showy#butterflies#butterfly#erect#butterfly garden#pollinator garden#bees
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Epidendrum
    Species:
    ibaguense
    Family:
    Orchidaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Houseplant or container plant.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Trinidad, French Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia and Northern Brazil
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and butterflies are attracted to the flowers.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Houseplant
    Perennial
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    10b, 10a, 11b, 11a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Orange
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Long Bloom Season
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Winter
    Flower Shape:
    Lipped
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Clusters of 20 to 30 small orchid flowers up to 1.5 inches across in a cluster bloom nearly all year in warm climates. They can be white, orange, pink or red. The inner lip is fringed.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Strap-like, evergreen green leaves up to 4 inches long appear on new growth.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Strong green stems with gray or brown sheathes. The stems can be simple or branched.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Patio
    Landscape Theme:
    Cutting Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Heat
    Humidity