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False Daisy Eclipta prostrata

Other Common Name(s):

Description

Eclipta is in the Asteraceae (daisy) family.  It is a summer annual with prostrate or ascending stems. Stems are purplish in color and can root at the nodes. Plants germinate in late spring through summer. This species commonly grows in drain holes of containers. Plants can reach over 3 feet in height and width given sufficient space. Plants flower in summer and early fall then die after frost. Seedheads are white and ripening fruit is button-like. Although some preemergence herbicides will suppress this weed, it is difficult achieving high levels of control. Hand weeding large plants is difficult due to the extensive root growth and adventitious rooting of stems. 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#wildflowers#weedy#wasps#summer annual weed#weeds#detailed
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#wildflowers#weedy#wasps#summer annual weed#weeds#detailed
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Eclipta
    Species:
    prostrata
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts small butterflies, bees, wasps, and flies.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Weed
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Brown or black flat achene 2 mm long
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Petals:
    more than 20 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Ray florets white, inconspicuous, disk florets white, sometimes yellow with lobes, but are most distintctive when young and are flat and green.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are narrow elliptic and shallowly serrated or crenate, base cuneate or attenuate, pubescent on both surfaces.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Fleshy, sappy green sometimes with a red tinge.
  • Landscape:
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Problems:
    Weedy