Plant DetailShow Menu

Dracaena marginata

Common Name(s):

Description

Dragon Tree is a tough, drought-tolerant, slow-growing houseplant in temperate climates. In their native habitat, they can reach 20 feet but can be pruned to 6 feet for in the home setting. Pruned stems will usually grow 2 or more branches. The stems can be trained into different shapes for an Asian or architectural feel. They rarely bloom in the home.

Plant in well-draining potting mix and allow the plants to dry between waterings but not severely.  Bright, indirect light is ideal.  They have a low fertilizer requirement, so fertilize in spring, summer, and fall with a controlled-release formula. D. marginata is sensitive to fluoride (like most other Dracenas) which causes discoloration of leaves so use distilled or non-fluorinated water.  

Mites, thrips, and chewing insects can be a problem. Susceptible to leaf spot diseases.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • ‘Bicolor'
  • 'Tricolor'
Tags:
#tropical#shade tree#houseplant#container plant#slow growing#showy leaves#colorful leaves#flowering#tall#delightful#exotic looking
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • ‘Bicolor'
  • 'Tricolor'
Tags:
#tropical#shade tree#houseplant#container plant#slow growing#showy leaves#colorful leaves#flowering#tall#delightful#exotic looking
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Dracaena
    Species:
    marginata
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Madagascar, Mauritius
    Dimensions:
    Height: 6 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    10a, 10b, 11a, 11b, 12a, 12b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Round yellow-orange berries. Flowers and berries rarely appear on house plants.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Description:
    Small fragrant white blooms in spring. Rarely blooms as a house plant
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Pink
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    2 ft. long and 1/2 inch wide glossy sword-shaped green leaves with reddish edges. Cultivars can add pink, white or yellow stripes to the leaves. Lower leaves fall off with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Tan stems with distinct diamond-shaped leaf scars
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container