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Native alternative(s) for Diospyros virginiana 'C-100':
Diospyros virginiana Form
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Cornus florida Cornus florida
Acer rubrum Acer rubrum
Acer pensylvanicum Form

Diospyros virginiana 'C-100'

Previously known as:

  • Diospyros mosieri
  • Diospyros virginiana var. mosieri
  • Diospyros virginiana var. platycarpa
  • Diospyros virginiana var. pubescens
  • Diospyros virginiana var. virginiana
Phonetic Spelling
dee-oh-SPR-os vir-jin-ee-AY-uh
Description

'C-100' is a medium-sized cultivar in the Ebenaceae family whose parent plant is native to central and eastern United States. It is beautiful, delicious and easy to grow, and offers year-round interest in the landscape.  Bred by the late James Claypool, its fruit resembles the 'Morris Burton' cultivar in look and taste.    

'C-100' is a cold-hardy tree easily grown in full sun with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0. 'C-100' typically grows to 60’ tall. The Common persimmon prefers moist, sandy soils but is tolerant of a variety of soils including poor, dry ones.  It is drought tolerant once established. 

It has superior ornamental qualities. Dark green foliage is attractive throughout the growing season before turning excellent shades of red and yellow in fall. The orange-red fruits, which begin to ripen in the fall, are larger than the 'Morris Burton' and have excellent flavor.  Fruits are commonly used in syrups, jellies, ice creams or pies. Persimmon leaves can be used to make teas. The wood is extremely hard and has been used to make golf club heads, billiard cues and shoe lasts.

It can be grown as an ornamental or fruit tree in the home landscape, or in naturalized areas for wildlife. Thus, it can be placed in many types of gardens: a butterfly, children's, native, nighttime, pollinator, or rain garden.  With spectacular autumn foliage and fruit that extends the harvest late into the fall, they are an excellent addition to an edible landscape.  They do produce root suckers.  Remove promptly unless a naturalized effect is wanted.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: May get leaf spot.  Fruit drop can be messy.

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Diospyros virginiana.

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Tags:
#hardy#deciduous#small tree#full sun tolerant#interesting bark#wildlife plant#slow growing#nectar plant#winter interest#fruit tree#small mammals#disease resistant#food source wildlife#cpp#wind tolerant#fire low flammability#pest resistant#deer browsing plant#native fruit tree#long lifespan#edible fruits#pollinator plant#edible garden#winter food source#fall color yellow#bird friendly#fall color red#partial shade tolerant#bee friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hardy#deciduous#small tree#full sun tolerant#interesting bark#wildlife plant#slow growing#nectar plant#winter interest#fruit tree#small mammals#disease resistant#food source wildlife#cpp#wind tolerant#fire low flammability#pest resistant#deer browsing plant#native fruit tree#long lifespan#edible fruits#pollinator plant#edible garden#winter food source#fall color yellow#bird friendly#fall color red#partial shade tolerant#bee friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Diospyros
    Species:
    virginiana
    Family:
    Ebenaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The inner bark and unripe fruit has been used in the treatment of fevers, diarrhea, and hemorrhage, indelible ink made from fruit, flowers used for honey. The fruit was used for food and medicinal purposes by Native Americans. The heartwood is nearly black, extremely hard and is used to make golf club heads, billiard cues and shoe lasts.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    The fruit of the persimmon is a food source for birds, small mammals, white-tailed deer, foxes, raccoons, and black bears. Deer browse the leaves and twigs.
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Resistant to fire in landscape. This tree is moderately deer resistant. Drought tolerant once established. Wind tolerant.
    Edibility:
    Fruits can be dried, eaten raw or used in making jams, pies, and ice cream. It is tart when non-ripe but very sweet when ripe. Persimmon leaves can be used to make teas.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is 1-2 inch wide, greenish to yellowish with a highly astringent pulp before ripening. Then turns yellowish-orange to reddish-orange and sweet in the fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The tree is dioecious which male and female flower blooms on different trees. The flower is cream to yellow in color, fragrant and not showy appearing in spring. Male flowers are in clusters and females appear singly.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are broadly oblong and pointed with smooth edges or some serration. They are 2 to 6 inches long and 2 to 3 inches wide with an acuminate apex and rounded base. The lower surface is usually lighter-colored and may have hairs, especially on young leaves. The fall color is yellow to reddish-purple. Leaves have a broad mid-rib with dark veins on the underside.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Black
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Furrowed
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Square
    Bark Description:
    It is one of the easiest trees to identify in winter because of its distinctive thick, dark grey bark that is divided by furrows into square blocks resembling a checkerboard, sometimes referred to as "alligator bark."
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Bud Scales:
    Enclosed in 2 scales
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Stems are pubescent. Buds are single, sessile, 2 overlapping scales, 1/4" long, dark reddish - almost black, no terminal bud. Branchlets slender, zigzag, at first light reddish-brown and pubescent. They vary in color from light brown to ashy gray.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Nighttime Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Winter Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer