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Holly Fern Cyrtomium falcatum

Phonetic Spelling
sir-TOH-mee-um fal-KAY-tum
Description

Stout, scaly rhizome; prefers moist, humus rich soil in sun or shade; easy to grow. This plant is seldom damaged by deer and is slightly salt tolerant.

Family name Dryopteridaceae (Polypodiaceae)

Quick ID Hints:

  • Fronds pinnately compound
  • Pinnae oblong-ovate, falcate
  • Sori & indusium round

Rhizomes ascendind to erect, short, densely scaly basally.

Sori uniformly distributed, round, numerous; indusium peltate, orbicular.

VIDEO Created by NC State Extension's Homegrown series featuring Mark Weathington, Director of JC Raulston Arboretum.

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Garden Treasures
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#houseplant#heavy shade#container plant#deep shade#shade tolerant#salt tolerant#shade garden#fern#cpp#dappled sunlight#deer resistant#fantz#part shade#HS302#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#houseplant#heavy shade#container plant#deep shade#shade tolerant#salt tolerant#shade garden#fern#cpp#dappled sunlight#deer resistant#fantz#part shade#HS302#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cyrtomium
    Species:
    falcatum
    Family:
    Polypodiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China to Temp. Eastern Asia and Vietnam
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Heavy shade, Deer and salt
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Fern
    Houseplant
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    No fruits. This plants reproduces via spores.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    No flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Fronds
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Coarse, leathery, dark green fronds; stiff, arching; 3-11 pairs of randomly spaced, scythe-shaped pinnae; open vase shape. dark green, coriaceous, lustrous, pinnately compound; short-petiolulate, oblong-ovate, falcate, margin dentate above, entire basally.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Heavy Shade
    Salt