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Alabama Hawthorn Crataegus alabamensis

Phonetic Spelling
krah-TEE-gus al-uh-bam-EN-sis
Description

Alabama Hawthorn is a native shrub in the rose family native to SE USA. It is currently only found in GA and FL in open woodlands. 

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#moths#nectar plant#native shrub#cover plant#NC native#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum#nesting sites#bird friendly#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#moths#nectar plant#native shrub#cover plant#NC native#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum#nesting sites#bird friendly#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Species:
    alabamensis
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The leaves, berries, and flowers are used in medicines and herbals for cardiovascular health.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeast North America, NC
    Distribution:
    Currently found in AL, FL
    Wildlife Value:
    Important nectar flower for insects; food plant of many moths including the eggar moth; haws provide winter fruit for songbirds. Good nesting habitat with thorns providing protection from predators.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Nesting
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Description:
    Small red pome with 1-5 pyrenes that resemble the “stones” in related plums, peaches, etc. Sometimes called the ‘haw’.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Inflorescence with 3-6 flowers, hypanthium hairy and white.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cuneate
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Spirally arranged on long shoots. Petiole 20-30% of blade, hairy, oblong to cuneate, margins crenate-serrate.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Black
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Smooth and gray bark, black with age
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    New growth densely tomentose, 1-year old twigs dark gray, spines present
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds