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Crataegus collina

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Crataegus collicola
Description

Hillside Hawthorn is a native shrub in the rose family.   It does not tolerate drought well and is often leafless by mid August during hot summers.

The plant is absent from middle and higher elevations and is intolerant of drought.

Critical features for identification of Crataegus sp.: Flower size, number of stamens, color of anthers, shape and hairiness of the leaves, terminal points of the lateral leaf veins, hairiness of the pedicels, length and curvature of the thorns, and characteristics of the fruit.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#songbirds#shrub#wildlife plant#moths#deciduous shrub#native shrub#cover plant#food source#NC native#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum#nesting sites
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#songbirds#shrub#wildlife plant#moths#deciduous shrub#native shrub#cover plant#food source#NC native#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum#nesting sites
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Species:
    collina
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The leaves, berries, and flowers are used in medicines and herbals for cardiovascular health.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America, NC
    Distribution:
    Southeast US
    Wildlife Value:
    Important nectar flower for insects; food plant of many moths including the eggar moth; haws provide winter fruit for songbirds. Good nesting habitat with thorns providing protection from predators.
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Nesting
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Description:
    Small orange to red pome with 3-5 pyrenes that resemble the “stones” in related plums, peaches, etc. Sometimes called the ‘haw’.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    5-10 flowered inflorescence. Hypanthium glabrous or sparsely pubescent; sepal margins glandular-serrate; anthers white, cream or rose.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Obovate
    Rhomboidal
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Spirally arranged on long shoots. Leaf stalk 10-20% length of blade. Pubescent, rhombic-obovate, or broadly elliptic. Base tepering into petioles. Lobes 0-2 per side, margins serrate in distal ¾ of lobes.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Fissured
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Smooth and gray bark, fissuring with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds